Questões e gabarito - AFA 2014

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Questão
2014Redação

Questão
2014Inglês

SEPTEMBER 11 On September 11, 2001, nineteen militants associated with the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda hijacked four airlines and carried out suicide attacks against targets in the United States. Two of the planes were flown into the towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, a third plane hit the Pentagon just outside Washington, D.C., and the fourth plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania. Often referred to as 9/11, the attacks resulted in extensive death and destruction, activating major U.S. initiatives to combat terrorism and defining the presidency of George W. Bush. Over three thousand people were killed during the attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., including more than four hundred police officers and firefighters. At 8:45 a.m., on a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767 loaded with twenty thousand gallons of jet fuel crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The impact left a wide, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110- story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds of people and trapping hundreds more in higher floors. Eighteen minutes after the first plane hit, a second Boeing 767 United Airlines Flight 175appeared out of the sky, turned sharply toward the World Trade Center and crashed into the south tower near the 60th floor. The collision caused a massive explosion that showered burning fragment over surrounding buildings and the streets below. America was under attack. The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations. Reportedly financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Ladens al-Qaeda terrorist organization, they _____________(1) in retaliation for Americas support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War and its continued military presence in the Middle East. Some of the terrorists had lived in the United States for more than a year and _____________(2) flying lessons at American commercial flight schools. As millions watched the events unfolding in New York, American Airlines Flight 77 circled over downtown Washington, D.C., and banged into the west side of the Pentagon military headquarters at 9:45 a.m. Jet fuel from the Boeing 757 caused a devastating inferno that led to the structural collapse of a portion of the giant concrete building. Less than fifteen minutes after the terrorists struck the nerve center of the U.S. military, the horror in New York took a catastrophic turn for the worse when the south tower of the World Trade Center collapsed in a massive cloud of dust and smoke. At 10:30 a.m., the other Trade Center tower collapsed. Close to three thousand people died in the World Trade Center and its vicinity, including an impressive three hundred and forty three firefighters and paramedics, twenty three New York 55 60 65 70 75 80 City police officers and thirty seven Port Authority police officers who were struggling to complete an evacuation of the buildings and save the office workers trapped* on higher floors. Meanwhile, a fourth California-bound plane United Flight 93was hijacked about forty minutes after leaving Newark International Airport in New Jersey. Because the plane had been delayed in taking off, passengers on board learned of events in New York and Washington via cell phone calls to the ground. Knowing that the aircraft was not returning to an airport as the hijackers claimed, a group of passengers and flight attendants planned a rebellion. One of the passengers, Thomas Burnett Jr., told his wife over the phone that I know were all going to die. There are three of us who are going to do something about it. I love you, honey. Another passengerTodd Beamerwas heard saying Are you guys ready? Lets roll over an open line. The passengers fought the four hijackers and are suspected to have attacked the cockpit with a fire extinguisher. The plane then flipped over and sped toward the ground, crashing in a rural field in western Pennsylvania at 10:10 a.m. All forty-five people aboard were killed. Within two months, U.S. forces had effectively removed the Taliban from operational power, but the war continued. Osama bin Laden, was finally chased and killed by U.S. forces in Abbottabad, Pakistan. Adapted from http://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks Acessado em 04/04/2013 Glossary: *Trapped to be in a bad situation that is difficult to escape. Choose the alternative containing the correct verbal tenses to complete the gaps (1) and (2) in the text.

Questão
2014Inglês

(AFA 2014) SEPTEMBER 11 On September 11, 2001, nineteen militants associated with the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda hijacked four airlines and carried out suicide attacks against targets in the United States. Two of the planes were flown into the towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, a third plane hit the Pentagon just outside Washington, D.C., and the fourth plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania. Often referred to as 9/11, the attacks resulted in extensive death and destruction, activating major U.S. initiatives to combat terrorism and defining the presidency of George W. Bush. Over three thousand people were killed during the attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., including more than four hundred police officers and firefighters. At 8:45 a.m., on a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767 loaded with twenty thousand gallons of jet fuel crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The impact left a wide, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110- story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds of people and trapping hundreds more in higher floors. Eighteen minutes after the first plane hit, a second Boeing 767 United Airlines Flight 175appeared out of the sky, turned sharply toward the World Trade Center and crashed into the south tower near the 60th floor. The collision caused a massive explosion that showered burning fragment over surrounding buildings and the streets below. America was under attack. The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations. Reportedly financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Ladens al-Qaeda terrorist organization, they _____________(1) in retaliation for Americas support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War and its continued military presence in the Middle East. Some of the terrorists had lived in the United States for more than a year and _____________(2) flying lessons at American commercial flight schools. As millions watched the events unfolding in New York, American Airlines Flight 77 circled over downtown Washington, D.C., and banged into the west side of the Pentagon military headquarters at 9:45 a.m. Jet fuel from the Boeing 757 caused a devastating inferno that led to the structural collapse of a portion of the giant concrete building. Less than fifteen minutes after the terrorists struck the nerve center of the U.S. military, the horror in New York took a catastrophic turn for the worse when the south tower of the World Trade Center collapsed in a massive cloud of dust and smoke. At 10:30 a.m., the other Trade Center tower collapsed. Close to three thousand people died in the World Trade Center and its vicinity, including an impressive three hundred and forty three firefighters and paramedics, twenty three New York City police officers and thirty seven Port Authority police officers who were struggling to complete an evacuation of the buildings and save the office workers trapped* on higher floors. Meanwhile, a fourth California-bound plane United Flight 93was hijacked about forty minutes after leaving Newark International Airport in New Jersey. Because the plane had been delayed in taking off, passengers on board learned of events in New York and Washington via cell phone calls to the ground. Knowing that the aircraft was not returning to an airport as the hijackers claimed, a group of passengers and flight attendants planned a rebellion. One of the passengers, Thomas Burnett Jr., told his wife over the phone that I know were all going to die. There are three of us who are going to do something about it. I love you, honey. Another passengerTodd Beamerwas heard saying Are you guys ready? Lets roll over an open line. The passengers fought the four hijackers and are suspected to have attacked the cockpit with a fire extinguisher. The plane then flipped over and sped toward the ground, crashing in a rural field in western Pennsylvania at 10:10 a.m. All forty-five people aboard were killed. Within two months, U.S. forces had effectively removed the Taliban from operational power, but the war continued. Osama bin Laden, was finally chased and killed by U.S. forces in Abbottabad, Pakistan. Adapted from http://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks Acessado em 04/04/2013 Glossary: *Trapped to be in a bad situation that is difficult to escape. The sentence Thomas Burnett Jr. told his wife over the phone that I know that were all going to die is similar in meaning to Thomas Burnett Jr.

Questão
2014Inglês

(AFA 2014) SEPTEMBER 11 On September 11, 2001, nineteen militants associated with the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda hijacked four airlines and carried out suicide attacks against targets in the United States. Two of the planes were flown into the towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, a third plane hit the Pentagon just outside Washington, D.C., and the fourth plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania. Often referred to as 9/11, the attacks resulted in extensive death and destruction, activating major U.S. initiatives to combat terrorism and defining the presidency of George W. Bush. Over three thousand people were killed during the attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., including more than four hundred police officers and firefighters. At 8:45 a.m., on a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767 loaded with twenty thousand gallons of jet fuel crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The impact left a wide, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110- story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds of people and trapping hundreds more in higher floors. Eighteen minutes after the first plane hit, a second Boeing 767 United Airlines Flight 175appeared out of the sky, turned sharply toward the World Trade Center and crashed into the south tower near the 60th floor. The collision caused a massive explosion that showered burning fragment over surrounding buildings and the streets below. America was under attack. The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations. Reportedly financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Ladens al-Qaeda terrorist organization, they _____________(1) in retaliation for Americas support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War and its continued military presence in the Middle East. Some of the terrorists had lived in the United States for more than a year and _____________(2) flying lessons at American commercial flight schools. As millions watched the events unfolding in New York, American Airlines Flight 77 circled over downtown Washington, D.C., and banged into the west side of the Pentagon military headquarters at 9:45 a.m. Jet fuel from the Boeing 757 caused a devastating inferno that led to the structural collapse of a portion of the giant concrete building. Less than fifteen minutes after the terrorists struck the nerve center of the U.S. military, the horror in New York took a catastrophic turn for the worse when the south tower of the World Trade Center collapsed in a massive cloud of dust and smoke. At 10:30 a.m., the other Trade Center tower collapsed. Close to three thousand people died in the World Trade Center and its vicinity, including an impressive three hundred and forty three firefighters and paramedics, twenty three New York City police officers and thirty seven Port Authority police officers who were struggling to complete an evacuation of the buildings and save the office workers trapped* on higher floors. Meanwhile, a fourth California-bound plane United Flight 93was hijacked about forty minutes after leaving Newark International Airport in New Jersey. Because the plane had been delayed in taking off, passengers on board learned of events in New York and Washington via cell phone calls to the ground. Knowing that the aircraft was not returning to an airport as the hijackers claimed, a group of passengers and flight attendants planned a rebellion. One of the passengers, Thomas Burnett Jr., told his wife over the phone that I know were all going to die. There are three of us who are going to do something about it. I love you, honey. Another passengerTodd Beamerwas heard saying Are you guys ready? Lets roll over an open line. The passengers fought the four hijackers and are suspected to have attacked the cockpit with a fire extinguisher. The plane then flipped over and sped toward the ground, crashing in a rural field in western Pennsylvania at 10:10 a.m. All forty-five people aboard were killed. Within two months, U.S. forces had effectively removed the Taliban from operational power, but the war continued. Osama bin Laden, was finally chased and killed by U.S. forces in Abbottabad, Pakistan. Adapted from http://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks Acessado em 04/04/2013 Glossary: *Trapped to be in a bad situation that is difficult to escape. One of the main reasons of the Al Qaeda attacks was

Questão
2014Física

(Epcar (Afa) 2014) Na figura abaixo, estão representados dois longos fios paralelos,dispostos a uma distância l um do outro, que conduzem a mesma corrente elétrica i emsentidos opostos. Num ponto P do plano xy, situado a uma distância d de cada um dos fios, lança-se umapartícula, com carga elétrica positiva q na direção do eixo y, cuja velocidade tem módulo iguala v. Sendo a permeabilidade absoluta do meio e considerando desprezível a força de interaçãoentre as correntes elétricas nos fios, a força magnética que atua sobre essa partícula,imediatamente após o lançamento, tem módulo igual a Quando necessário, use: g =10m/s2 sen 37o=0,6 cos 37o=0,8

Questão
2014Inglês

(AFA 2014) (TEXTO 1) ETHICS OF WAR Human beings have been fighting each other since prehistoric times, and people have been discussing the rights and wrongs of it for almost as long. The Ethics of War starts by assuming that war is a bad thing, and should be avoided if possible, but it recognizes that there can be situations when war may be the lesser evil of several bad choices. War is a bad thing because it involves deliberately killing or injuring people, and this is a fundamental wrong an abuse of the victims human rights. The purpose of war ethics is to help decide what is right or wrong, both for individuals and countries, and to contribute to debates on public policy, and ultimately to government and individual action. War ethics also leads to the creation of formal codes of war (e.g. the Hague and Geneva conventions), the drafting and implementation of rules of engagement for soldiers, and in the punishment of soldiers and others for war crimes. The three key questions are: Is it ever right to go to war? When is it right to fight? What is the moral way to conduct a war? The discussion of the ethics of war goes back to the Greeks and Romans, although neither civilization behaved particularly well in war. In the Christian tradition war ethics were developed by St Augustine, and later by St Thomas Aquinas and others. Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), a Dutch philosopher and author of De Jure Belli Ac Pacis (The Rights of War and Peace), wrote down the conditions for a just war that are accepted today. Cicero argued that there was no acceptable reason for war outside of just revenge or self-defence in which he included the defence of honor. He also argued that a war could not be just unless it was publicly declared and unless compensation for the enemys offence had first been demanded. Cicero based his argument on the assumption that nature and human reason influenced a society against war, and that there was a fundamental code of behavior for nations. (Adapted from http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/war/. Shtml Acessado em 14/03/2013 Choose the alternative in which the determiner neither is used with the same meaning as the one in italics in the text.

Questão
2014Física

(Epcar (Afa) 2014) Para a construção de uma célula fotoelétrica, que será utilizada na abertura e fechamento automático de uma porta, um pesquisador dispõe de quatro metais, cujas funções trabalho estão listadas na tabela abaixo. Sendo que essa célula deverá ser projetada para funcionar com luz visível, poderá(ão) ser usado(s) somente o(s) metal(is) Dados: h = 4,1.10-15 eV.s

Questão
2014Matemática

Considereno plano complexo, o conjunto dos números;e i (a unidade imaginária) que satisfazem a condição. ÉFALSOque:

Questão
2014Física

(Epcar (Afa) 2014) Considere um gás ideal que pode ser submetido a duas transformações cíclicas reversíveis e não simultâneas, 1 e 2,como mostrado no diagrama PV abaixo. Na transformação 1 o gás recebe uma quantidade de calor Q1 de uma fonte quente à temperatura T1 e cede a quantidade de calor Q2 para a fonte fria à temperatura T2.Enquanto que, na transformação 2, as quantidades de calor recebida, Q1, e cedida, Q2,são trocadas respectivamente com duas fontes às temperaturas T3e T4. Nessas condições, é correto afirmar que

Questão
2014Física

(Epcar (Afa) 2014) A figura abaixo apresenta os gráficos da posição (x) em função do tempo (t) para dois sistemas A e B de mesma massa m que oscilam em MHS, de igual amplitude. Sendo ECA e ECB as energias cinéticas dos sistemas A e B respectivamente no tempo t1: EPA e EPB as energias potenciais dos sistemas A e B respectivamente no tempo t2 , é correto afirmar que

Questão
2014Física

(Epcar (Afa) 2014) A figura abaixo mostra um sistema em equilíbrio estático, formado por uma barra homogênea e uma mola ideal que estão ligadas através de uma de suas extremidades e livremente articuladas às paredes. A barra possui massa m e comprimento L0 , a mola possui comprimento natural L0 e a distância entre as articulações é de 2L0. Esse sistema (barra-mola) está sujeito à ação da gravidade, cujo módulo da aceleração é g e, nessas condições, a constante elástica da mola vale

Questão
2014Física

(Epcar (Afa) 2014) Três cargas elétricas puntiformes qA, qB e qC estão fixas, respectivamente, nos vértices A, B e C de um triângulo isósceles, conforme indica a figura abaixo. Considerando FA o módulo da força elétrica de interação entre as cargas qA e qC; FB o módulo da força elétrica de interação entre as cargas qB e qC e sabendo-se que a força resultante sobre a carga qC é perpendicular ao lado AB e aponta para dentro do triângulo, pode-se afirmar, certamente, que a relação entre os valores das cargas elétricas é

Questão
2014Inglês

(AFA 2014) SEPTEMBER 11 On September 11, 2001, nineteen militants associated with the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda hijacked four airlines and carried out suicide attacks against targets in the United States. Two of the planes were flown into the towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, a third plane hit the Pentagon just outside Washington, D.C., and the fourth plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania. Often referred to as 9/11, the attacks resulted in extensive death and destruction, activating major U.S. initiatives to combat terrorism and defining the presidency of George W. Bush. Over three thousand people were killed during the attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., including more than four hundred police officers and firefighters. At 8:45 a.m., on a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767 loaded with twenty thousand gallons of jet fuel crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The impact left a wide, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110- story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds of people and trapping hundreds more in higher floors. Eighteen minutes after the first plane hit, a second Boeing 767 United Airlines Flight 175appeared out of the sky, turned sharply toward the World Trade Center and crashed into the south tower near the 60th floor. The collision caused a massive explosion that showered burning fragment over surrounding buildings and the streets below. America was under attack. The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations. Reportedly financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Ladens al-Qaeda terrorist organization, they _____________(1) in retaliation for Americas support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War and its continued military presence in the Middle East. Some of the terrorists had lived in the United States for more than a year and _____________(2) flying lessons at American commercial flight schools. As millions watched the events unfolding in New York, American Airlines Flight 77 circled over downtown Washington, D.C., and banged into the west side of the Pentagon military headquarters at 9:45 a.m. Jet fuel from the Boeing 757 caused a devastating inferno that led to the structural collapse of a portion of the giant concrete building. Less than fifteen minutes after the terrorists struck the nerve center of the U.S. military, the horror in New York took a catastrophic turn for the worse when the south tower of the World Trade Center collapsed in a massive cloud of dust and smoke. At 10:30 a.m., the other Trade Center tower collapsed. Close to three thousand people died in the World Trade Center and its vicinity, including an impressive three hundred and forty three firefighters and paramedics, twenty three New York City police officers and thirty seven Port Authority police officers who were struggling to complete an evacuation of the buildings and save the office workers trapped* on higher floors. Meanwhile, a fourth California-bound plane United Flight 93was hijacked about forty minutes after leaving Newark International Airport in New Jersey. Because the plane had been delayed in taking off, passengers on board learned of events in New York and Washington via cell phone calls to the ground. Knowing that the aircraft was not returning to an airport as the hijackers claimed, a group of passengers and flight attendants planned a rebellion. One of the passengers, Thomas Burnett Jr., told his wife over the phone that I know were all going to die. There are three of us who are going to do something about it. I love you, honey. Another passengerTodd Beamerwas heard saying Are you guys ready? Lets roll over an open line. The passengers fought the four hijackers and are suspected to have attacked the cockpit with a fire extinguisher. The plane then flipped over and sped toward the ground, crashing in a rural field in western Pennsylvania at 10:10 a.m. All forty-five people aboard were killed. Within two months, U.S. forces had effectively removed the Taliban from operational power, but the war continued. Osama bin Laden, was finally chased and killed by U.S. forces in Abbottabad, Pakistan. Adapted from http://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks Acessado em 04/04/2013 Glossary: *Trapped to be in a bad situation that is difficult to escape. According to the text, some terrorists had lived in the United States for more than a year []. It means that the terrorists

Questão
2014Física

(Epcar (Afa) 2014) Dispõe-se de duas máquinas térmicas de Carnot. A máquina 1trabalha entre as temperaturas de 227oCe 527oC,enquanto a máquina 2 opera entre 227 Ke 527 K. Analise as afirmativas a seguir e responda ao que se pede. I. A máquina 2 tem maior rendimento que a máquina 1. II. Se a máquina 1 realizar um trabalho de 2000 Jterá retirado 6000 Jde calor da fonte quente. III. Se a máquina 2 retirar 4000 Jde calor da fonte quente irá liberar aproximadamente 1720 Jde calor para a fonte fria. IV. Para uma mesma quantidade de calor retirada da fonte quente pelas duas máquinas, a máquina 2 rejeita mais calor para a fonte fria. São corretas apenas

Questão
2014Inglês

(AFA 2014) SEPTEMBER 11 On September 11, 2001, nineteen militants associated with the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda hijacked four airlines and carried out suicide attacks against targets in the United States. Two of the planes were flown into the towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, a third plane hit the Pentagon just outside Washington, D.C., and the fourth plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania. Often referred to as 9/11, the attacks resulted in extensive death and destruction, activating major U.S. initiatives to combat terrorism and defining the presidency of George W. Bush. Over three thousand people were killed during the attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., including more than four hundred police officers and firefighters. At 8:45 a.m., on a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767 loaded with twenty thousand gallons of jet fuel crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The impact left a wide, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110- story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds of people and trapping hundreds more in higher floors. Eighteen minutes after the first plane hit, a second Boeing 767 United Airlines Flight 175appeared out of the sky, turned sharply toward the World Trade Center and crashed into the south tower near the 60th floor. The collision caused a massive explosion that showered burning fragment over surrounding buildings and the streets below. America was under attack. The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations. Reportedly financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Ladens al-Qaeda terrorist organization, they _____________(1) in retaliation for Americas support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War and its continued military presence in the Middle East. Some of the terrorists had lived in the United States for more than a year and _____________(2) flying lessons at American commercial flight schools. As millions watched the events unfolding in New York, American Airlines Flight 77 circled over downtown Washington, D.C., and banged into the west side of the Pentagon military headquarters at 9:45 a.m. Jet fuel from the Boeing 757 caused a devastating inferno that led to the structural collapse of a portion of the giant concrete building. Less than fifteen minutes after the terrorists struck the nerve center of the U.S. military, the horror in New York took a catastrophic turn for the worse when the south tower of the World Trade Center collapsed in a massive cloud of dust and smoke. At 10:30 a.m., the other Trade Center tower collapsed. Close to three thousand people died in the World Trade Center and its vicinity, including an impressive three hundred and forty three firefighters and paramedics, twenty three New York City police officers and thirty seven Port Authority police officers who were struggling to complete an evacuation of the buildings and save the office workers trapped* on higher floors. Meanwhile, a fourth California-bound plane United Flight 93was hijacked about forty minutes after leaving Newark International Airport in New Jersey. Because the plane had been delayed in taking off, passengers on board learned of events in New York and Washington via cell phone calls to the ground. Knowing that the aircraft was not returning to an airport as the hijackers claimed, a group of passengers and flight attendants planned a rebellion. One of the passengers, Thomas Burnett Jr., told his wife over the phone that I know were all going to die. There are three of us who are going to do something about it. I love you, honey. Another passengerTodd Beamerwas heard saying Are you guys ready? Lets roll over an open line. The passengers fought the four hijackers and are suspected to have attacked the cockpit with a fire extinguisher. The plane then flipped over and sped toward the ground, crashing in a rural field in western Pennsylvania at 10:10 a.m. All forty-five people aboard were killed. Within two months, U.S. forces had effectively removed the Taliban from operational power, but the war continued. Osama bin Laden, was finally chased and killed by U.S. forces in Abbottabad, Pakistan. Adapted from http://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks Acessado em 04/04/2013 Glossary: *Trapped to be in a bad situation that is difficult to escape. Mark the right option to complete the statement. If the plane hadnt been delayed in taking off, the passengers __________ about the events in New York and Washington.

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