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Questões de inglês - ENEM

Questão 2

(ENEM-2019) 5 Ways Pets Can Improve Your Health     A pet is certainly a great friend. After a difficult day, pet owners quite literally feel the love.     In fact, for nearly 25 years, research has shown that living with pets provides certain health benefits. Pets help lower blood pressure and lessen anxiety. They boost our immunity. They can even help you get dates.     Allergy Fighters: A growing number of studies have suggested that kids growing up in a home with “furred animals” will have less risk of allergies and asthma.     Date Magnets: Dogs are great for making love connections. Forget internet matchmaking - a dog is a natural conversation starter.     Dogs for the Aged: Walking a dog or just caring for a pet - for elderly people who are able - can provide exercise and companionship.      Good for Mind and Soul: Like any enjoyable activity, playing with a dog can elevate levels of serotonin and dopamine - nerve transmitters that are known to have pleasurable and calming properties.     Good for the Heart: Heart attack patients who have pets survive longer than those without, according to several studies.  DAVIS, J. L. Disponível em: www.webmd.com. Acesso em 21 Abr. 2013 (adaptado)   Ao discutir sobre a influência de animais de estimação no bem-estar do ser humano, a autora, a fim de fortalecer seus argumentos, utiliza palavras e expressões como research, a growing number of research e several studies com o objetivo de  

Questão 4

(ENEM-2019) LETTER TO EDITOR: Sugar fear-mongering unhelpful                                       By The Washington Times Tuesday, June 25, 2013 In his recent piece “Is obesity a disease?” (Web, June 19), Dr. Peter Lind refers to high-fructose corn syrup and other “manufactured sugars” as “poison” that will “guarantee storage of fat in the body.”  Current scientific research strongly indicates that obesity results from excessive calorie intake combined with a sedentary lifestyle. The fact is, Americans are consuming more total calories now than ever before. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, our total per-capita daily caloric intake increased by 22 percent from 2,076 calories per day in 1970 to 2,534 calories per day in 2010 — an additional 458 calories, only 34 of which come from increased added sugar intake. A vast majority of these calories come from increased fats and flour/cereals. Surprisingly, the amount of caloric sweeteners (i.e. sugar, high-fructose corn syrup, honey, etc.) Americans consume has actually decreased over the past decade.  We need to continue to study the obesity epidemic to see what more can be done, but demonizing one specific ingredient accomplishes nothing and raises unnecessary fears that get in the way of real solutions. JAMES M. RIPPE Shrewsbury, Mass. Disponível em www.washingtontimes.com. Acesso em: 29 jul. 2013 (adaptada) Ao abordar o assunto “obesidade”, em uma seção de jornal, o autor