Questões de Inglês - ESPCEX

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1-15 de 54
Questão 45
2020Inglês

(ESPCEX 2020) Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões 45, 46 e 47. (Título omitido propositalmente) Italian children have been told not to turn up to school unless they can prove they have been properly vaccinated. The deadline follows months of national debate over compulsory vaccination. The new law came amid a surge in measles cases - but Italian officials say vaccination rates have improved since it was introduced. Children must receive a range of mandatory immunisations before attending school. They include vaccinations for chickenpox, polio, measles, mumps, and rubella. Children up to the age of six years will be excluded from nursery and kindergarten without proof of vaccination under the new rules. Those aged between six and 16 cannot be banned from attending school, but their parents face fines if they do not complete the mandatory course of immunisations Italian media report that regional authorities are handling the situation in a number of different ways. In Bologna, the local authority has sent letters of suspension to the parents of some 300 children, and a total of 5,000 children do not have their vaccine documentation up to date. In other areas there have been no reported cases, while still others have been given a grace period of a few days beyond the deadline. The new law was passed to raise Italys plummeting vaccination rates from below 80% to the World Health Organisations 95% target. Adapted from:https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-47536981 Choose the most appropirate title for the text.

Questão 46
2020Inglês

(ESPCEX 2020) Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões 45, 46 e 47. (Título omitido propositalmente) Italian children have been told not to turn up to school unless they can prove they have been properly vaccinated. The deadline follows months of national debate over compulsory vaccination. The new law came amid a surge in measles cases - but Italian officials say vaccination rates have improved since it was introduced. Children must receive a range of mandatory immunisations before attending school. They include vaccinations for chickenpox, polio, measles, mumps, and rubella. Children up to the age of six years will be excluded from nursery and kindergarten without proof of vaccination under the new rules. Those aged between six and 16 cannot be banned from attending school, but their parents face fines if they do not complete the mandatory course of immunisations Italian media report that regional authorities are handling the situation in a number of different ways. In Bologna, the local authority has sent letters of suspension to the parents of some 300 children, and a total of 5,000 children do not have their vaccine documentation up to date. In other areas there have been no reported cases, while still others have been given a grace period of a few days beyond the deadline. The new law was passed to raise Italys plummeting vaccination rates from below 80% to the World Health Organisations 95% target. Adapted from:https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-47536981 In the sentence ..., while still others have been given a grace periodof a few days... The expression grace period means:

Questão 47
2020Inglês

(ESPCEX 2020) Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões 45, 46 e 47. (Título omitido propositalmente) Italian children have been told not to turn up to school unless they can prove they have been properly vaccinated. The deadline follows months of national debate over compulsory vaccination. The new law came amid a surge in measles cases - but Italian officials say vaccination rates have improved since it was introduced. Children must receive a range of mandatory immunisations before attending school. They include vaccinations for chickenpox, polio, measles, mumps, and rubella. Children up to the age of six years will be excluded from nursery and kindergarten without proof of vaccination under the new rules. Those aged between six and 16 cannot be banned from attending school, but their parents face fines if they do not complete the mandatory course of immunisations Italian media report that regional authorities are handling the situation in a number of different ways. In Bologna, the local authority has sent letters of suspension to the parents of some 300 children, and a total of 5,000 children do not have their vaccine documentation up to date. In other areas there have been no reported cases, while still others have been given a grace period of a few days beyond the deadline. The new law was passed to raise Italys plummeting vaccination rates from below 80% to the World Health Organisations 95% target. Adapted from:https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-47536981 Chose the statement in which the word rangeis used with the same meaning as in paragraph 1

Questão 48
2020Inglês

(ESPCEX 2020) Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões 48, 49 e 50. Prison without guards or weapons in Brazil Tatiane Correia de Lima is a 26-year-old mother-of-two who is serving a 12-year sentence in Brazil.The South American country has the worlds fourth largest prison population and its jails regularly come under the spotlight for their poor conditions, with chronic overcrowding and gang violence provoking deadly riots. Lima had just been moved from a prison in the mainstream penitential system to a facility run _____(1) the Association for the Protection and Assistance to Convicts (APAC) in the town of Itaúna, in Minas Gerais state. Unlike in the mainstream system, which steals your femininity as Lima puts it, at the Apac jail she is allowed to wear her own clothes and have a mirror, make-up and hair dye. But the difference between the regimes is far more than skin-deep. The APAC system has been gaining growing recognition as a safer, cheaper and more humane answer to the countrys prison crisis. All APAC prisoners must have passed through the mainstream system and must show remorse and be willing to follow the strict regime of work and study which is part of the systems philosophy.There are no guards or weapons and visitors are greeted by an inmate who unlocks the main door to the small womens jail. Inmates are known asrecuperandos(recovering people), reflecting the APAC focus _____(2) restorative justice and rehabilitation. They must study and work, sometimes in collaboration with the local community. If they do not - or if they try to abscond - they risk being returned to the mainstream system. There have been physical fights but never a murder at an APAC jail. Adapted from:https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-44056946 in the sentence But the difference between the regimes is far more than skin-deep, the expression skin-deep means:

Questão 49
2020Inglês

(ESPCEX 2020) Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões 48, 49 e 50. Prison without guards or weapons in Brazil Tatiane Correia de Lima is a 26-year-old mother-of-two who is serving a 12-year sentence in Brazil.The South American country has the worlds fourth largest prison population and its jails regularly come under the spotlight for their poor conditions, with chronic overcrowding and gang violence provoking deadly riots. Lima had just been moved from a prison in the mainstream penitential system to a facility run _____(1) the Association for the Protection and Assistance to Convicts (APAC) in the town of Itaúna, in Minas Gerais state. Unlike in the mainstream system, which steals your femininity as Lima puts it, at the Apac jail she is allowed to wear her own clothes and have a mirror, make-up and hair dye. But the difference between the regimes is far more than skin-deep. The APAC system has been gaining growing recognition as a safer, cheaper and more humane answer to the countrys prison crisis. All APAC prisoners must have passed through the mainstream system and must show remorse and be willing to follow the strict regime of work and study which is part of the systems philosophy.There are no guards or weapons and visitors are greeted by an inmate who unlocks the main door to the small womens jail. Inmates are known asrecuperandos(recovering people), reflecting the APAC focus _____(2) restorative justice and rehabilitation. They must study and work, sometimes in collaboration with the local community. If they do not - or if they try to abscond - they risk being returned to the mainstream system. There have been physical fights but never a murder at an APAC jail. Adapted from:https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-44056946 According to the text, choose the correct statement:

Questão 50
2020Inglês

(ESPCEX 2020) Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões 48, 49 e 50. Prison without guards or weapons in Brazil Tatiane Correia de Lima is a 26-year-old mother-of-two who is serving a 12-year sentence in Brazil.The South American country has the worlds fourth largest prison population and its jails regularly come under the spotlight for their poor conditions, with chronic overcrowding and gang violence provoking deadly riots. Lima had just been moved from a prison in the mainstream penitential system to a facility run _____(1) the Association for the Protection and Assistance to Convicts (APAC) in the town of Itaúna, in Minas Gerais state. Unlike in the mainstream system, which steals your femininity as Lima puts it, at the Apac jail she is allowed to wear her own clothes and have a mirror, make-up and hair dye. But the difference between the regimes is far more than skin-deep. The APAC system has been gaining growing recognition as a safer, cheaper and more humane answer to the countrys prison crisis. All APAC prisoners must have passed through the mainstream system and must show remorse and be willing to follow the strict regime of work and study which is part of the systems philosophy.There are no guards or weapons and visitors are greeted by an inmate who unlocks the main door to the small womens jail. Inmates are known asrecuperandos(recovering people), reflecting the APAC focus _____(2) restorative justice and rehabilitation. They must study and work, sometimes in collaboration with the local community. If they do not - or if they try to abscond - they risk being returned to the mainstream system. There have been physical fights but never a murder at an APAC jail. Adapted from:https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-44056946 Choose the alternative containing the correct words to respectively complete gaps (1) and (2).

Questão 51
2020Inglês

(ESPCEX 2020) Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões 51, 52 e 53. Lego wants to replace plastic blocks with sustainable materials The Lego Group wants to replace the plastic in their products with a sustainable material by 2030, the company announced. The worlds largest toy company will invest $1 billion in their new LEGO Sustainable Materials Centre in Denmark, which ______ (1) devoted to finding and implementing new sustainable alternatives for their current building materials. Lego plans on hiring 100 specialists for the center. There is no official definition of a sustainable material. Legos ______ (2) made with a strong plastic known as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene since 1963. The company uses more than 6,000 tons of plastic annually to manufacture its products, according to NBC News. Changing the raw material could have a large effect on Legos carbon footprint, especially considering that only 10% of the carbon emissions from Lego products come from its factories. The other 90% is produced from the extraction and refinement of raw materials, as well as distribution from factories to toy stores. The company ______ (3) already taken steps to lower its carbon footprint, including a reduction of packaging size and an investment in an offshore wind farm. Adapted from: https://time.com/3931946/lego-sustainable-materials/ Choose the alternative containing the correct verb forms to complete gaps (1), (2) and (3) in paragraphs 2, 3 and 5 respectively.

Questão 52
2020Inglês

(ESPCEX 2020) Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões 51, 52 e 53. Lego wants to replace plastic blocks with sustainable materials The Lego Group wants to replace the plastic in their products with a sustainable material by 2030, the company announced. The worlds largest toy company will invest $1 billion in their new LEGO Sustainable Materials Centre in Denmark, which ______ (1) devoted to finding and implementing new sustainable alternatives for their current building materials. Lego plans on hiring 100 specialists for the center. There is no official definition of a sustainable material. Legos ______ (2) made with a strong plastic known as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene since 1963. The company uses more than 6,000 tons of plastic annually to manufacture its products, according to NBC News. Changing the raw material could have a large effect on Legos carbon footprint, especially considering that only 10% of the carbon emissions from Lego products come from its factories. The other 90% is produced from the extraction and refinement of raw materials, as well as distribution from factories to toy stores. The company ______ (3) already taken steps to lower its carbon footprint, including a reduction of packaging size and an investment in an offshore wind farm. Adapted from: https://time.com/3931946/lego-sustainable-materials/ In the sentence Changing the raw material could have a large effect on Legos carbon footprint [...] (paragraph 4), the expression carbon footprint means

Questão 53
2020Inglês

(ESPCEX 2020) Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões 51, 52 e 53. Lego wants to replace plastic blocks with sustainable materials The Lego Group wants to replace the plastic in their products with a sustainable material by 2030, the company announced. The worlds largest toy company will invest $1 billion in their new LEGO Sustainable Materials Centre in Denmark, which ______ (1) devoted to finding and implementing new sustainable alternatives for their current building materials. Lego plans on hiring 100 specialists for the center. There is no official definition of a sustainable material. Legos ______ (2) made with a strong plastic known as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene since 1963. The company uses more than 6,000 tons of plastic annually to manufacture its products, according to NBC News. Changing the raw material could have a large effect on Legos carbon footprint, especially considering that only 10% of the carbon emissions from Lego products come from its factories. The other 90% is produced from the extraction and refinement of raw materials, as well as distribution from factories to toy stores. The company ______ (3) already taken steps to lower its carbon footprint, including a reduction of packaging size and an investment in an offshore wind farm. Adapted from: https://time.com/3931946/lego-sustainable-materials/ According to the text, choose the correct statement.

Questão 54
2020Inglês

Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões 54, 55 e 56. Teaching English in the Brazilian countryside In Brazil, countryside youth want to learn about new places, new cultures and people. However, they think their everyday lives are an obstacle to that, because they imagine that country life has nothing to do with other parts of the world, says Rafael Fonseca. Rafael teaches English in a language school in a cooperative coffee cultivation in Paraguaçu. His learners are the children of rural workers. Rafael tells us that the objective of the project being developed in the cooperative is to give the young people more opportunities of growth in the countryside, and that includes the ability to communicate with international buyers. In the future, our project may help overcome the lack of succession in countryside activities, because nowadays, field workers children become lawyers, engineers, teachers, and sometimes even doctors, but very rarely those children want to have a profession related to rural work, says Rafael. That happens, he adds, because their parents understand that life in the countryside can be hard work and they do not want to see their children running the same type of life that they have. Their children also believe that life in the country does not allow them to have contact with other parts of the world, meet other people and improve cultural bounds. The program intends to show them that by means of a second language they can travel, communicate with new people and meet new cultures as a means of promoting and selling what they produce in the country, and that includes receiving visitors in their workplace from abroad. Rafaels strategy is to contextualize the English language and keep learners up-to-date with what happens in the global market. Integrating relevant topics about countryside living can be transformative in the classroom. The local regional and cultural aspects are a great source of inspiration and learning not only for learners, but also for us all. Adapted from: https://www.cambridge.org/elt/blog/2019/01/21/teaching-english-in-the-brazilian-classroom/ According to the text, read the statements and choose the correct alternative. I.Rafael tries to show them that their everyday lives are not an obstacle. II. Those childrens parents dont want themto attend university III. Rafael brings classroom topics close to what the children see and live. IV. Those childen may replace their parents in the future as rural workers. V. The language school reaffirms that country life has nothing to do with other parts of the world.

Questão 55
2020Inglês

(ESPCEX 2020) Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões 54, 55 e 56. Teaching English in the Brazilian countryside In Brazil, countryside youth want to learn about new places, new cultures and people. However, they think their everyday lives are an obstacle to that, because they imagine that country life has nothing to do with other parts of the world, says Rafael Fonseca. Rafael teaches English in a language school in a cooperative coffee cultivation in Paraguaçu. His learners are the children of rural workers. Rafael tells us that the objective of the project being developed in the cooperative is to give the young people more opportunities of growth in the countryside, and that includes the ability to communicate with international buyers. In the future, our project may help overcome the lack of succession in countryside activities, because nowadays, field workers children become lawyers, engineers, teachers, and sometimes even doctors, but very rarely those children want to have a profession related to rural work, says Rafael. That happens, he adds, because their parents understand that life in the countryside can be hard work and they do not want to see their children running the same type of life that they have. Their children also believe that life in the country does not allow them to have contact with other parts of the world, meet other people and improve cultural bounds. The program intends to show them that by means of a second language they can travel, communicate with new people and meet new cultures as a means of promoting and selling what they produce in the country, and that includes receiving visitors in their workplace from abroad. Rafaels strategy is to contextualize the English language and keep learners up-to-date with what happens in the global market. Integrating relevant topics about countryside living can be transformative in the classroom. The local regional and cultural aspects are a great source of inspiration and learning not only for learners, but also for us all. Adapted from: https://www.cambridge.org/elt/blog/2019/01/21/teaching-english-in-the-brazilian-classroom In the sentence ...our project may help overcome the lack of succession in countryside activities... (paragraph 2), the word overcome means

Questão 56
2020Inglês

(ESPCEX 2020) Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões 54, 55 e 56. Teaching English in the Brazilian countryside In Brazil, countryside youth want to learn about new places, new cultures and people. However, they think their everyday lives are an obstacle to that, because they imagine that country life has nothing to do with other parts of the world, says Rafael Fonseca. Rafael teaches English in a language school in a cooperative coffee cultivation in Paraguaçu. His learners are the children of rural workers. Rafael tells us that the objective of the project being developed in the cooperative is to give the young people more opportunities of growth in the countryside, and that includes the ability to communicate with international buyers. In the future, our project may help overcome the lack of succession in countryside activities, because nowadays, field workers children become lawyers, engineers, teachers, and sometimes even doctors, but very rarely those children want to have a profession related to rural work, says Rafael. That happens, he adds, because their parents understand that life in the countryside can be hard work and they do not want to see their children running the same type of life that they have. Their children also believe that life in the country does not allow them to have contact with other parts of the world, meet other people and improve cultural bounds. The program intends to show them that by means of a second language they can travel, communicate with new people and meet new cultures as a means of promoting and selling what they produce in the country, and that includes receiving visitors in their workplace from abroad. Rafaels strategy is to contextualize the English language and keep learners up-to-date with what happens in the global market. Integrating relevant topics about countryside living can be transformative in the classroom. The local regional and cultural aspects are a great source of inspiration and learning not only for learners, but also for us all. Adapted from: https://www.cambridge.org/elt/blog/2019/01/21/teaching-english-in-the-brazilian-classroom Choose the alternative with the correct reference for the underlined words from the text.

Questão
2019Inglês

(ESPCEX-2019) Learn to code, its more important than English as a second language AppleCEO Tim Cooksayscoding is the best foreign language that a student in any country can learn. The tech executivemadethe remarks to French outlet Konbini while in the country for a meeting with French President Emmanuel Macron. The tech leader gave some brief thoughts on education: If I were a French student and I were 10 years old, Ithinkit would be more important for me to learn coding than English. Im not telling people not to learn English in some form but I think you understand what I am saying is that this is a language that you can use to express yourself to 7 billion people in the world. I think that coding should be required in every public school in the world. Of course, its in Cooks best interest to have the world learning how to code. Herunsa tech company that depends on access to a constantly growing pipeline of talent. But it could be in your interest too: studying coding could increase your chances of pulling in a big salary. A computer-science education, at least in countries like the US, is one of the most viable and lucrative career paths open to young people today. But, Cook says, the benefits go beyond that. Its the language that everyoneneeds, and not just for the computer scientists. Its for all of us. He added that programming encourages students of all disciplines to be inventive and experimental: Creativity is the goal. Coding is just to allow that. Creativity is in the front seat; technology is in the backseat. With the combination of both of these you can do such powerful things now. Adapted from https://www.cnbc.com/2017/10/12/apple-ceo-tim-cook-learning-to-code-is-so-important.html According to the text, choose the correct statement.

Questão
2019Inglês

(Espcex-2019) Many graduates earn paltry returns for their degree Mr Halfon, a former skills minister, stated in his speech that the nation has become obsessed _____________ (1) full academic degrees. We are creating a higher education system that overwhelmingly favours academic degrees, while intermediate and higher technical offerings are comparatively tiny. The labour market does not need ever-growing supply of academic degrees. Between a fifth and a third of our graduates take non-graduate jobs. The extra return for having a degree varies wildly according to subject and institution. For many, the returns are paltry. Mr Halfon said that there is a strong need for intermediate skills. There are skills shortages in several sectors. And there are millions ______________ (2) people who want to get on in life preferably without spending 50,000 on academic degrees, he added. There has been growing concern about the amount of debt students are accumulating and the interest being charged on that debt. A spokesman for UUK (a representative organisation for the UKs universities) said: Official figures are clear that, on average, university graduates continue to earn substantially more than non-graduates and are more likely to be in employment. A university degree remains an excellent investment. We must, however, be careful to avoid using graduate salaries as the single measure of success in higher education. Many universities specialise in fields such ____________(3) the arts, the creative industries, nursing and public sector professions that, despite making an essential contribution to society and the economy, pay less on average. Adapted from hffp://lwww.bbc.co.uk/news/education-42923529 Choose the alternative containing the correct words to respectively complete gaps (1), (2) and (3).

Questão
2019Inglês

(ESPCEX-2019) Learn to code, its more important than English as a second language AppleCEO Tim Cooksays coding is the best foreign language that a student in any country can learn. The tech executive made the remarks to French outlet Konbini while in the country for a meeting with French President Emmanuel Macron. The tech leader gave some brief thoughts on education: If I were a French student and I were 10 years old, I think it would be more important for me to learn coding than English. Im not telling people not to learn English in some form but I think you understand what I am saying is that this is a language that you can use to express yourself to 7 billion people in the world. I think that coding should be required in every public school in the world. Of course, its in Cooks best interest to have the world learning how to code. He runs a tech company that depends on access to a constantly growing pipeline of talent. But it could be in your interest too: studying coding could increase your chances of pulling in a big salary. A computer-science education, at least in countries like the US, is one of the most viable and lucrative career paths open to young people today. But, Cook says, the benefits go beyond that. Its the language that everyone needs, and not just for the computer scientists. Its for all of us. He added that programming encourages students of all disciplines to be inventive and experimental: Creativity is the goal. Coding is just to allow that. Creativity is in the front seat; technology is in the backseat. With the combination of both of these you can do such powerful things now. Adapted from https://www.cnbc.com/2017/10/12/apple-ceo-tim-cook-learning-to-code-is-so-important.html Which one from the underlined verbs in the text conveys a verb tense that is different from the others?

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