Questões e gabarito - AFA 2016

ITA
IME
ENEM
FUVEST
UNICAMP
UNESP
ESPCEX
AFA
1-15 de 64
Questão 4
2016Português

(AFA - 2016) ATENO: O TEXTO ABAIXO FOI TRANSCRITO COMO NO ORIGINAL E OS DESVIOS DA NORMA PADRO, NELE PRESENTES, SERO OBJETOS DE ANLISE DESTA PROVA. Quarto de Despejo O grito da favela que tocou a conscincia do mundo inteiro 2 de MAIO de 1958. Eu no sou indolente. H tempos que eu pretendia fazer o meu diario. Mas eu pensava que no tinha valor e achei que era perder tempo. ...Eu fiz uma reforma para mim. Quero tratar as pessoas que eu conheo com mais ateno. Quero enviar sorriso amavel as crianas e aos operarios. ...Recebi intimao para comparecer as 8 horas da noite na Delegacia do 12. Passei o dia catando papel. A noite os meus ps doiam tanto que eu no podia andar. Comeou chover. Eu ia na Delegacia, ia levar o Jos Carlos. A intimao era para ele. O Jos Carlos tem 9 anos. 3 de MAIO. ...Fui na feira da Rua Carlos de Campos, catar qualquer coisa. Ganhei bastante verdura. Mas ficou sem efeito, porque eu no tenho gordura. Os meninos esto nervosos por no ter o que comer. 6 de MAIO. De manh no fui buscar agua. Mandei o Joo carregar. Eu estava contente. Recebi outra intimao. Eu estava inspirada e os versos eram bonitos e eu esqueci de ir na Delegacia. Era 11 horas quando eu recordei do convite do ilustre tenente da 12 Delegacia. ...o que eu aviso aos pretendentes a poltica, que o povo no tolera a fome. preciso conhecer a fome para saber descrev-la. Esto construindo um circo aqui na Rua Araguaia, Circo Theatro Nilo. 9 de MAIO. Eu cato papel, mas no gosto. Ento eu penso: Faz de conta que estou sonhando. 10 de MAIO. Fui na Delegacia e falei com o Tenente. Que homem amavel! Se eu soubesse que ele era to amavel, eu teria ido na Delegacia na primeira intimao. (...) O Tenente interessou-se pela educao dos meus filhos. Disse-me que a favela um ambiente propenso, que as pessoas tem mais possibilidades de delinquir do que tornar-se util a patria e ao pas. Pensei: se ele sabe disso, porque no faz um relatorio e envia para os politicos? O Senhor Janio Quadros, o Kubstchek, e o Dr Adhemar de Barros? Agora falar para mim, que sou uma pobre lixeira. No posso resolver nem as minhas dificuldades.(...) O Brasil precisa ser dirigido por uma pessoa que j passou fome. A fome tambem professora. Quem passa fome aprende a pensar no proximo e nas crianas. 11 de MAIO. Dia das mes. O cu est azul e branco. Parece que at a natureza quer homenagear as mes que atualmente se sentem infeliz por no realizar os desejos de seus filhos. (...) O sol vai galgando. Hoje no vai chover. Hoje o nosso dia. (...) A D. Teresinha veio visitar-me. Ela deu-me 15 cruzeiros. Disse-me que era para a Vera ir no circo. Mas eu vou deixar o dinheiro para comprar po amanh, porque eu s tenho 4 cruzeiros.(...) Ontem eu ganhei metade da cabea de um porco no frigorifico. Comemos a carne e guardei os ossos para ferver. E com o caldo fiz as batatas. Os meus filhos esto sempre com fome. Quando eles passam muita fome eles no so exigentes no paladar. (...) Surgiu a noite. As estrelas esto ocultas. O barraco est cheio de pernilongos. Eu vou acender uma folha de jornal e passar pelas paredes. assim que os favelados matam mosquitos. 13 de MAIO. Hoje amanheceu chovendo. um dia simpatico para mim. o dia da Abolio. Dia que comemoramos a libertao dos escravos. Nas prises os negros eram os bodes expiatorios. Mas os brancos agora so mais cultos. E no nos trata com desprezo. Que Deus ilumine os brancos para que os pretos sejam feliz. (...) Continua chovendo. E eu tenho s feijo e sal. A chuva est forte. Mesmo assim, mandei os meninos para a escola. Estou escrevendo at passar a chuva para mim ir l no Senhor Manuel vender os ferros. Com o dinheiro dos ferros vou comprar arroz e linguia. A chuva passou um pouco. Vou sair. (...) Eu tenho d dos meus filhos. Quando eles v as coisas de comer eles brada: Viva a mame!. A manifestao agrada-me. Mas eu j perdi o habito de sorrir. Dez minutos depois eles querem mais comida. Eu mandei o Joo pedir um pouquinho de gordura a Dona Ida. Mandei-lhe um bilhete assim: Dona Ida peo-te se pode me arranjar um pouquinho de gordura, para eu fazer sopa para os meninos. Hoje choveu e no pude catar papel. Agradeo. Carolina (...) Choveu, esfriou. o inverno que chega. E no inverno a gente come mais. A Vera comeou a pedir comida. E eu no tinha. Era a reprise do espetaculo. Eu estava com dois cruzeiros. Pretendia comprar um pouco de farinha para fazer um virado. Fui pedir um pouco de banha a Dona Alice. Ela deu-me a banha e arroz. Era 9 horas da noite quando comemos. E assim no dia 13 de maio de 1958 eu lutava contra a escravatura atual a fome! (DE JESUS, Carolina Maria. Quarto de Despejo.) Pode-se afirmar que um recorrente problema encontrado no texto, no que se refere ao uso da lngua padro, est relacionado acentuao grfica. Assinale a alternativa em que esse fato NO ocorre.

Questão 8
2016Português

(AFA - 2016) ATENO: O TEXTO ABAIXO FOI TRANSCRITO COMO NO ORIGINAL E OS DESVIOS DA NORMA PADRO, NELE PRESENTES, SERO OBJETOS DE ANLISE DESTA PROVA. Quarto de Despejo O grito da favela que tocou a conscincia do mundo inteiro 2 de MAIO de 1958. Eu no sou indolente. H tempos que eu pretendia fazer o meu diario. Mas eu pensava que no tinha valor e achei que era perder tempo. ...Eu fiz uma reforma para mim. Quero tratar as pessoas que eu conheo com mais ateno. Quero enviar sorriso amavel as crianas e aos operarios. ...Recebi intimao para comparecer as 8 horas da noite na Delegacia do 12. Passei o dia catando papel. A noite os meus ps doiam tanto que eu no podia andar. Comeou chover. Eu ia na Delegacia, ia levar o Jos Carlos. A intimao era para ele. O Jos Carlos tem 9 anos. 3 de MAIO. ...Fui na feira da Rua Carlos de Campos, catar qualquer coisa. Ganhei bastante verdura. Mas ficou sem efeito, porque eu no tenho gordura. Os meninos esto nervosos por no ter o que comer. 6 de MAIO. De manh no fui buscar agua. Mandei o Joo carregar. Eu estava contente. Recebi outra intimao. Eu estava inspirada e os versos eram bonitos e eu esqueci de ir na Delegacia. Era 11 horas quando eu recordei do convite do ilustre tenente da 12 Delegacia. ...o que eu aviso aos pretendentes a poltica, que o povo no tolera a fome. preciso conhecer a fome para saber descrev-la. Esto construindo um circo aqui na Rua Araguaia, Circo Theatro Nilo. 9 de MAIO. Eu cato papel, mas no gosto. Ento eu penso: Faz de conta que estou sonhando. 10 de MAIO. Fui na Delegacia e falei com o Tenente. Que homem amavel! Se eu soubesse que ele era to amavel, eu teria ido na Delegacia na primeira intimao. (...) O Tenente interessou-se pela educao dos meus filhos. Disse-me que a favela um ambiente propenso, que as pessoas tem mais possibilidades de delinquir do que tornar-se util a patria e ao pas. Pensei: se ele sabe disso, porque no faz um relatorio e envia para os politicos? O Senhor Janio Quadros, o Kubstchek, e o Dr Adhemar de Barros? Agora falar para mim, que sou uma pobre lixeira. No posso resolver nem as minhas dificuldades.(...) O Brasil precisa ser dirigido por uma pessoa que j passou fome. A fome tambem professora. Quem passa fome aprende a pensar no proximo e nas crianas. 11 de MAIO. Dia das mes. O cu est azul e branco. Parece que at a natureza quer homenagear as mes que atualmente se sentem infeliz por no realizar os desejos de seus filhos. (...) O sol vai galgando. Hoje no vai chover. Hoje o nosso dia. (...) A D. Teresinha veio visitar-me. Ela deu-me 15 cruzeiros. Disse-me que era para a Vera ir no circo. Mas eu vou deixar o dinheiro para comprar po amanh, porque eu s tenho 4 cruzeiros.(...) Ontem eu ganhei metade da cabea de um porco no frigorifico. Comemos a carne e guardei os ossos para ferver. E com o caldo fiz as batatas. Os meus filhos esto sempre com fome. Quando eles passam muita fome eles no so exigentes no paladar. (...) Surgiu a noite. As estrelas esto ocultas. O barraco est cheio de pernilongos. Eu vou acender uma folha de jornal e passar pelas paredes. assim que os favelados matam mosquitos. 13 de MAIO. Hoje amanheceu chovendo. um dia simpatico para mim. o dia da Abolio. Dia que comemoramos a libertao dos escravos. Nas prises os negros eram os bodes expiatorios. Mas os brancos agora so mais cultos. E no nos trata com desprezo. Que Deus ilumine os brancos para que os pretos sejam feliz. (...) Continua chovendo. E eu tenho s feijo e sal. A chuva est forte. Mesmo assim, mandei os meninos para a escola. Estou escrevendo at passar a chuva para mim ir l no Senhor Manuel vender os ferros. Com o dinheiro dos ferros vou comprar arroz e linguia. A chuva passou um pouco. Vou sair. (...) Eu tenho d dos meus filhos. Quando eles v as coisas de comer eles brada: Viva a mame!. A manifestao agrada-me. Mas eu j perdi o habito de sorrir. Dez minutos depois eles querem mais comida. Eu mandei o Joo pedir um pouquinho de gordura a Dona Ida. Mandei-lhe um bilhete assim: Dona Ida peo-te se pode me arranjar um pouquinho de gordura, para eu fazer sopa para os meninos. Hoje choveu e no pude catar papel. Agradeo. Carolina (...) Choveu, esfriou. o inverno que chega. E no inverno a gente come mais. A Vera comeou a pedir comida. E eu no tinha. Era a reprise do espetaculo. Eu estava com dois cruzeiros. Pretendia comprar um pouco de farinha para fazer um virado. Fui pedir um pouco de banha a Dona Alice. Ela deu-me a banha e arroz. Era 9 horas da noite quando comemos. E assim no dia 13 de maio de 1958 eu lutava contra a escravatura atual a fome! (DE JESUS, Carolina Maria. Quarto de Despejo.) Quanto ao uso dos pronomes, assinale a opo que traz uma INFRAO norma padro da lngua.

Questão 9
2016Português

(AFA - 2016) ATENO: O TEXTO ABAIXO FOI TRANSCRITO COMO NO ORIGINAL E OS DESVIOS DA NORMA PADRO, NELE PRESENTES, SERO OBJETOS DE ANLISE DESTA PROVA. Quarto de Despejo O grito da favela que tocou a conscincia do mundo inteiro 2 de MAIO de 1958. Eu no sou indolente. H tempos que eu pretendia fazer o meu diario. Mas eu pensava que no tinha valor e achei que era perder tempo. ...Eu fiz uma reforma para mim. Quero tratar as pessoas que eu conheo com mais ateno. Quero enviar sorriso amavel as crianas e aos operarios. ...Recebi intimao para comparecer as 8 horas da noite na Delegacia do 12. Passei o dia catando papel. A noite os meus ps doiam tanto que eu no podia andar. Comeou chover. Eu ia na Delegacia, ia levar o Jos Carlos. A intimao era para ele. O Jos Carlos tem 9 anos. 3 de MAIO. ...Fui na feira da Rua Carlos de Campos, catar qualquer coisa. Ganhei bastante verdura. Mas ficou sem efeito, porque eu no tenho gordura. Os meninos esto nervosos por no ter o que comer. 6 de MAIO. De manh no fui buscar agua. Mandei o Joo carregar. Eu estava contente. Recebi outra intimao. Eu estava inspirada e os versos eram bonitos e eu esqueci de ir na Delegacia. Era 11 horas quando eu recordei do convite do ilustre tenente da 12 Delegacia. ...o que eu aviso aos pretendentes a poltica, que o povo no tolera a fome. preciso conhecer a fome para saber descrev-la. Esto construindo um circo aqui na Rua Araguaia, Circo Theatro Nilo. 9 de MAIO. Eu cato papel, mas no gosto. Ento eu penso: Faz de conta que estou sonhando. 10 de MAIO. Fui na Delegacia e falei com o Tenente. Que homem amavel! Se eu soubesse que ele era to amavel, eu teria ido na Delegacia na primeira intimao. (...) O Tenente interessou-se pela educao dos meus filhos. Disse-me que a favela um ambiente propenso, que as pessoas tem mais possibilidades de delinquir do que tornar-se util a patria e ao pas. Pensei: se ele sabe disso, porque no faz um relatorio e envia para os politicos? O Senhor Janio Quadros, o Kubstchek, e o Dr Adhemar de Barros? Agora falar para mim, que sou uma pobre lixeira. No posso resolver nem as minhas dificuldades.(...) O Brasil precisa ser dirigido por uma pessoa que j passou fome. A fome tambem professora. Quem passa fome aprende a pensar no proximo e nas crianas. 11 de MAIO. Dia das mes. O cu est azul e branco. Parece que at a natureza quer homenagear as mes que atualmente se sentem infeliz por no realizar os desejos de seus filhos. (...) O sol vai galgando. Hoje no vai chover. Hoje o nosso dia. (...) A D. Teresinha veio visitar-me. Ela deu-me 15 cruzeiros. Disse-me que era para a Vera ir no circo. Mas eu vou deixar o dinheiro para comprar po amanh, porque eu s tenho 4 cruzeiros.(...) Ontem eu ganhei metade da cabea de um porco no frigorifico. Comemos a carne e guardei os ossos para ferver. E com o caldo fiz as batatas. Os meus filhos esto sempre com fome. Quando eles passam muita fome eles no so exigentes no paladar. (...) Surgiu a noite. As estrelas esto ocultas. O barraco est cheio de pernilongos. Eu vou acender uma folha de jornal e passar pelas paredes. assim que os favelados matam mosquitos. 13 de MAIO. Hoje amanheceu chovendo. um dia simpatico para mim. o dia da Abolio. Dia que comemoramos a libertao dos escravos. Nas prises os negros eram os bodes expiatorios. Mas os brancos agora so mais cultos. E no nos trata com desprezo. Que Deus ilumine os brancos para que os pretos sejam feliz. (...) Continua chovendo. E eu tenho s feijo e sal. A chuva est forte. Mesmo assim, mandei os meninos para a escola. Estou escrevendo at passar a chuva para mim ir l no Senhor Manuel vender os ferros. Com o dinheiro dos ferros vou comprar arroz e linguia. A chuva passou um pouco. Vou sair. (...) Eu tenho d dos meus filhos. Quando eles v as coisas de comer eles brada: Viva a mame!. A manifestao agrada-me. Mas eu j perdi o habito de sorrir. Dez minutos depois eles querem mais comida. Eu mandei o Joo pedir um pouquinho de gordura a Dona Ida. Mandei-lhe um bilhete assim: Dona Ida peo-te se pode me arranjar um pouquinho de gordura, para eu fazer sopa para os meninos. Hoje choveu e no pude catar papel. Agradeo. Carolina (...) Choveu, esfriou. o inverno que chega. E no inverno a gente come mais. A Vera comeou a pedir comida. E eu no tinha. Era a reprise do espetaculo. Eu estava com dois cruzeiros. Pretendia comprar um pouco de farinha para fazer um virado. Fui pedir um pouco de banha a Dona Alice. Ela deu-me a banha e arroz. Era 9 horas da noite quando comemos. E assim no dia 13 de maio de 1958 eu lutava contra a escravatura atual a fome! (DE JESUS, Carolina Maria. Quarto de Despejo.) Atente para o excerto abaixo e para as afirmativas que a ele se referem. Parece que at a natureza quer homenagear as mes que atualmente se sentem infeliz por no realizar os desejos de seus filhos. I) De acordo com a experincia de vida de Carolina, todas as mes se sentem infelizes, pois no tm meios de realizar os desejos de seus filhos. II) A mudana de posio do vocbulo at [Parece at que a natureza quer homenagear...] no provoca mudana semntica e sinttica no enunciado. III) O verbo realizar, para atender norma padro da lngua, dever ser flexionado, tendo em vista que o seu sujeito est claro na orao. Est (o) correta (s) a (s) afirmao (es) feita (s) em:

Questão 11
2016Português

(AFA - 2016) FAVELRIO NACIONAL Carlos Drummond de Andrade Quem sou eu para te cantar, favela, Que cantas em mim e para ningum a noite inteira de sexta-feira e a noite inteira de sbado E nos desconheces, como igualmente no te conhecemos? Sei apenas do teu mau cheiro: Baixou em mim na virao, direto, rpido, telegrama nasal anunciando morte... melhor, tua vida. ... Aqui s vive gente, bicho nenhum tem essa coragem. ... Tenho medo. Medo de ti, sem te conhecer, Medo s de te sentir, encravada Favela, erisipela, mal-do-monte Na coxa flava do Rio de Janeiro. Medo: no de tua lmina nem de teu revlver nem de tua manha nem de teu olhar. Medo de que sintas como sou culpado e culpados somos de pouca ou nenhuma irmandade. Custa ser irmo, custa abandonar nossos privilgios e traar a planta da justa igualdade. Somos desiguais e queremos ser sempre desiguais. E queremos ser bonzinhos benvolos comedidamente sociologicamente mui bem comportados. Mas, favela, ciao, que este nosso papo est ficando to desagradvel. vs que perdi o tom e a empfia do comeo? ... (ANDRADE, Carlos Drummond de, Corpo. Rio de Janeiro: Record, 1984) Nos versos: Mas, favela, ciao, / que este nosso papo / est ficando to desagradvel / vs que perdi o tom e a empfia do comeo?, verifica-se a presena das funes de linguagem

Questão 12
2016Português

(AFA - 2016) FAVELRIO NACIONAL Carlos Drummond de Andrade Quem sou eu para te cantar, favela, Que cantas em mim e para ningum a noite inteira de sexta-feira e a noite inteira de sbado E nos desconheces, como igualmente no te conhecemos? Sei apenas do teu mau cheiro: Baixou em mim na virao, direto, rpido, telegrama nasal anunciando morte... melhor, tua vida. ... Aqui s vive gente, bicho nenhum tem essa coragem. ... Tenho medo. Medo de ti, sem te conhecer, Medo s de te sentir, encravada Favela, erisipela, mal-do-monte Na coxa flava do Rio de Janeiro. Medo: no de tua lmina nem de teu revlver nem de tua manha nem de teu olhar. Medo de que sintas como sou culpado e culpados somos de pouca ou nenhuma irmandade. Custa ser irmo, custa abandonar nossos privilgios e traar a planta da justa igualdade. Somos desiguais e queremos ser sempre desiguais. E queremos ser bonzinhos benvolos comedidamente sociologicamente mui bem comportados. Mas, favela, ciao, que este nosso papo est ficando to desagradvel. vs que perdi o tom e a empfia do comeo? ... (ANDRADE, Carlos Drummond de, Corpo. Rio de Janeiro: Record, 1984) Para o eu-lrico a situao precria de vida dos moradores da favela causada, principalmente, pela (o) (s)

Questão 17
2016Matemática

(Epcar (Afa) 2016) Uma fbrica produz casacos de determinado modelo. O preo de venda de um desses casacos de R$ 200,00, quando so vendidos 200 casacos. O gerente da fbrica, a partir de uma pesquisa, verificou que, para cada desconto de R$ 2,00 no preo de cada casaco, o nmero de casacos vendidos aumenta de 5. A maior arrecadao possvel com a venda dos casacos acontecer se a fbrica vender cada casaco por um valor, em reais, pertencente ao intervalo

Questão 27
2016Matemática

(Epcar (Afa) 2016) Para fazer uma instalao eltrica em sua residncia, Otvio contactou dois eletricistas. O Sr. Luiz, que cobra uma parte fixa pelo oramento mais uma parte que depende da quantidade de metros de fio requerida pelo servio. O valor total do seu servio est descrito no seguinte grfico: J o Sr. Jos cobra, apenas, R$ 4,50 por metro de fio utilizado e no cobra a parte fixa pelo oramento. Com relao s informaes acima, correto afirmar que

Questão 28
2016Matemática

(Epcar (Afa) 2016) Considere as funes reais f, g e h tais que Para que a funo composta h o g o f (x) tenha domnio, deve-se ter

Questão 30
2016Matemática

(Epcar (Afa) 2016) Considere a funo real sobrejetora B f :A definida por Sobre f FALSO afirmar que

Questão 32
2016Matemática

(Epcar (Afa) 2016) Um cursinho de ingls avaliou uma turma completa sendo que parte dos alunos fez a avaliao A, cujo resultado est indicado no grfico abaixo. Os demais alunos fizeram a avaliao B e todos tiveram 4 acertos. Assim, o desvio padro obtido a partir do grfico acima ficou reduzido metade ao ser apurado o resultado da turma inteira. Essa turma do cursinho de ingls tem

Questão 33
2016Inglês

(Epcar (Afa) 2016) THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FRIENDS AND TYPES OF FRIENDSHIP Everyone has at least one best friend, some maybe even more. There are also those people who are just friends and also arch-enemies. People may think that just because they are your friends it means that they are your best friend. The thing is, even though they are your friend, the relationship between a best friend and a friend is different. Either way regardless of archenemies, friends or best friends, there are not many ways to compare any of these different types of friends, but you can easily contrast them from one another. Arch-enemies often know more about each other than two friends. In a comparison of personal relationships, 1friendship is considered to be closer than association, although a wide range of degrees of intimacy exists in friendships, arch-enemies, and associations. Friendship and association can be thought of as spanning across the same continuum. 2The study of friendship is included in the fields of sociology, social psychology, anthropology, philosophy, and zoology. Even animals have familiars! Various academic theories of friendship have been proposed, among which are social exchange theory, equity theory, relational dialectics, and attachment styles. 3In Russia, one typically bestows very few people the status of friend. These friendships, however, make up in intensity what they lack in number. Friends are entitled to call each other by their first names alone, and to use diminutives. A customary example of polite behavior is addressing acquaintances by full first name plus their patronymic. These could include relationships which elsewhere would be qualified as real friendships, such as workplace relationships of long standing, or neighbors with whom one shares an occasional meal or a social drink with. Also in the Middle East and Central Asia, male friendships, while less restricted than in Russia, tend to be reserved and respectable in nature. They may use nicknames and diminutive forms of their first names. In countries like India, it is believed in some parts that friendship is a form of respect, not born out of fear or superiority. Friends are people who are equal in most standards, but still respect each other regardless of their attributes or shortcomings. Most of the countries previously mentioned (Russia, Asia, and even the Middle East) and even our own nation are suffering a decline in genuine friendships. According to a study documented in the June 2006 issue of the Journal American Sociological Review, Americans are thought to be suffering a loss in the quality and quantity of close friendships since at least 1985. The studys results state that twenty-five percent of 4Americans have no close confidants, and the average total number of confidants per citizen has dropped from four to two. According to the study, 5Americans dependence on family as a safety net went up from fifty-seven percent to eighty percent; Americans dependence on a partner or spouse went up from five percent to nine percent. Recent studies have found a link between fewer friendships, especially in quality, and psychological and physiological regression. In the sequence of the emotional development of the individual, friendships come after parental bonding and before the pair bonding engaged in at the approach of maturity. In the intervening period between the end of early childhood and the onset of full adulthood, friendships are often the most important relationships in the emotional life of the adolescent, and are often more intense than relationships experienced later in life. 6Unfortunately, making friends seems to trouble many of people. Having no friends can be emotionally damaging for all ages, from young children to full grown adults. A study performed by researchers from Purdue University found that post-secondary-education friendships, college and university last longer than the friendships before it. Children with Asperger syndrome and autism usually have some difficulty forming friendships. 7Socially crippling conditions like these are just one way that the social world is so difficult to thrive in. 8This does not mean that they are not able to form friendships, however. With time, moderation and proper instruction, they are able to form friendships after realizing their own strengths and weaknesses. 9There is a number of theories that attempt to explain the link, including that; Good friends encourage their friends to lead more healthy lifestyles; 10Good friends encourage their friends to seek help and access services, when needed; 11Good friends enhance their friends 12coping skills in dealing with illness and other health problems; and/or Good friends actually affect physiological pathways that are protective of health. Regardless of what we think, we can clearly see that there are some ways that friends, best friends and archenemies are the same, but in the end they are clearly more different. 13Nonetheless we all have every single type in our lives. (Adapted from: http://www.ukessays.com/essays/philosophy/therelationship- between-friends-and-types-of-friendship-philosophyessay. php) In Russia, one typically bestows very few people the status of friend (lines 23-24) means that

Questão 35
2016Inglês

(Epcar (Afa) 2016) THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FRIENDS AND TYPES OF FRIENDSHIP Everyone has at least one best friend, some maybe even more. There are also those people who are just friends and also arch-enemies. People may think that just because they are your friends it means that they are your best friend. The thing is, even though they are your friend, the relationship between a best friend and a friend is different. Either way regardless of archenemies, friends or best friends, there are not many ways to compare any of these different types of friends, but you can easily contrast them from one another. Arch-enemies often know more about each other than two friends. In a comparison of personal relationships,1friendship is considered to be closer than association, although a wide range of degrees of intimacy exists in friendships, arch-enemies, and associations. Friendship and association can be thought of as spanning across the same continuum.2The study of friendship is included in the fields of sociology, social psychology, anthropology, philosophy, and zoology. Even animals have familiars! Various academic theories of friendship have been proposed, among which are social exchange theory, equity theory, relational dialectics, and attachment styles.3In Russia, one typically bestows very few people the status of friend. These friendships, however, make up in intensity what they lack in number. Friends are entitled to call each other by their first names alone, and to use diminutives. A customary example of polite behavior is addressing acquaintances by full first name plus their patronymic. These could include relationships which elsewhere would be qualified as real friendships, such as workplace relationships of long standing, or neighbors with whom one shares an occasional meal or a social drink with. Also in the Middle East and Central Asia, male friendships, while less restricted than in Russia, tend to be reserved and respectable in nature. They may use nicknames and diminutive forms of their first names. In countries like India, it is believed in some parts that friendship is a form of respect, not born out of fear or superiority. Friends are people who are equal in most standards, but still respect each other regardless of their attributes or shortcomings. Most of the countries previously mentioned (Russia, Asia, and even the Middle East) and even our own nation are suffering a decline in genuine friendships. According to a study documented in the June 2006 issue of the Journal American Sociological Review, Americans are thought to be suffering a loss in the quality and quantity of close friendships since at least 1985. The studys results state that twenty-five percent of4Americans have no close confidants, and the average total number of confidants per citizen has dropped from four to two. According to the study,5Americans dependence on family as a safety net went up from fifty-seven percent to eighty percent; Americans dependence on a partner or spouse went up from five percent to nine percent. Recent studies have found a link between fewer friendships, especially in quality, and psychological and physiological regression. In the sequence of the emotional development of the individual, friendships come after parental bonding and before the pair bonding engaged in at the approach of maturity. In the intervening period between the end of early childhood and the onset of full adulthood, friendships are often the most important relationships in the emotional life of the adolescent, and are often more intense than relationships experienced later in life. 6Unfortunately, making friends seems to trouble many of people. Having no friends can be emotionally damaging for all ages, from young children to full grown adults. A study performed by researchers from Purdue University found that post-secondary-education friendships, college and university last longer than the friendships before it. Children with Asperger syndrome and autism usually have some difficulty forming friendships.7Socially crippling conditions like these are just one way that the social world is so difficult to thrive in.8This does not mean that they are not able to form friendships, however. With time, moderation and proper instruction, they are able to form friendships after realizing their own strengths and weaknesses. 9There is a number of theories that attempt to explain the link, including that; Good friends encourage their friends to lead more healthy lifestyles;10Good friends encourage their friends to seek help and access services, when needed;11Good friends enhance their friends12coping skills in dealing with illness and other health problems; and/or Good friends actually affect physiological pathways that are protective of health. Regardless of what we think, we can clearly see that there are some ways that friends, best friends and archenemies are the same, but in the end they are clearly more different.13Nonetheless we all have every single type in our lives. (Adapted from: http://www.ukessays.com/essays/philosophy/therelationship- between-friends-and-types-of-friendship-philosophyessay. php) The first paragraph

Questão 36
2016Inglês

(Epcar (Afa) 2016) THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FRIENDS AND TYPES OF FRIENDSHIP Everyone has at least one best friend, some maybe even more. There are also those people who are just friends and also arch-enemies. People may think that just because they are your friends it means that they are your best friend. The thing is, even though they are your friend, the relationship between a best friend and a friend is different. Either way regardless of archenemies, friends or best friends, there are not many ways to compare any of these different types of friends, but you can easily contrast them from one another. Arch-enemies often know more about each other than two friends. In a comparison of personal relationships,1friendship is considered to be closer than association, although a wide range of degrees of intimacy exists in friendships, arch-enemies, and associations. Friendship and association can be thought of as spanning across the same continuum.2The study of friendship is included in the fields of sociology, social psychology, anthropology, philosophy, and zoology. Even animals have familiars! Various academic theories of friendship have been proposed, among which are social exchange theory, equity theory, relational dialectics, and attachment styles.3In Russia, one typically bestows very few people the status of friend. These friendships, however, make up in intensity what they lack in number. Friends are entitled to call each other by their first names alone, and to use diminutives. A customary example of polite behavior is addressing acquaintances by full first name plus their patronymic. These could include relationships which elsewhere would be qualified as real friendships, such as workplace relationships of long standing, or neighbors with whom one shares an occasional meal or a social drink with. Also in the Middle East and Central Asia, male friendships, while less restricted than in Russia, tend to be reserved and respectable in nature. They may use nicknames and diminutive forms of their first names. In countries like India, it is believed in some parts that friendship is a form of respect, not born out of fear or superiority. Friends are people who are equal in most standards, but still respect each other regardless of their attributes or shortcomings. Most of the countries previously mentioned (Russia, Asia, and even the Middle East) and even our own nation are suffering a decline in genuine friendships. According to a study documented in the June 2006 issue of the Journal American Sociological Review, Americans are thought to be suffering a loss in the quality and quantity of close friendships since at least 1985. The studys results state that twenty-five percent of4Americans have no close confidants, and the average total number of confidants per citizen has dropped from four to two. According to the study,5Americans dependence on family as a safety net went up from fifty-seven percent to eighty percent; Americans dependence on a partner or spouse went up from five percent to nine percent. Recent studies have found a link between fewer friendships, especially in quality, and psychological and physiological regression. In the sequence of the emotional development of the individual, friendships come after parental bonding and before the pair bonding engaged in at the approach of maturity. In the intervening period between the end of early childhood and the onset of full adulthood, friendships are often the most important relationships in the emotional life of the adolescent, and are often more intense than relationships experienced later in life. 6Unfortunately, making friends seems to trouble many of people. Having no friends can be emotionally damaging for all ages, from young children to full grown adults. A study performed by researchers from Purdue University found that post-secondary-education friendships, college and university last longer than the friendships before it. Children with Asperger syndrome and autism usually have some difficulty forming friendships.7Socially crippling conditions like these are just one way that the social world is so difficult to thrive in.8This does not mean that they are not able to form friendships, however. With time, moderation and proper instruction, they are able to form friendships after realizing their own strengths and weaknesses. 9There is a number of theories that attempt to explain the link, including that; Good friends encourage their friends to lead more healthy lifestyles;10Good friends encourage their friends to seek help and access services, when needed;11Good friends enhance their friends12coping skills in dealing with illness and other health problems; and/or Good friends actually affect physiological pathways that are protective of health. Regardless of what we think, we can clearly see that there are some ways that friends, best friends and archenemies are the same, but in the end they are clearly more different.13Nonetheless we all have every single type in our lives. (Adapted from: http://www.ukessays.com/essays/philosophy/therelationship- between-friends-and-types-of-friendship-philosophyessay. php) Socially crippling conditions (line 78) refers to

Questão 39
2016Inglês

QUESTO ANULADA! (Epcar (Afa) 2016) THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FRIENDS AND TYPES OF FRIENDSHIP Everyone has at least one best friend, some maybe even more. There are also those people who are just friends and also arch-enemies. People may think that just because they are your friends it means that they are your best friend. The thing is, even though they are your friend, the relationship between a best friend and a friend is different. Either way regardless of archenemies, friends or best friends, there are not many ways to compare any of these different types of friends, but you can easily contrast them from one another. Arch-enemies often know more about each other than two friends. In a comparison of personal relationships, 1friendship is considered to be closer than association, although a wide range of degrees of intimacy exists in friendships, arch-enemies, and associations. Friendship and association can be thought of as spanning across the same continuum. 2The study of friendship is included in the fields of sociology, social psychology, anthropology, philosophy, and zoology. Even animals have familiars! Various academic theories of friendship have been proposed, among which are social exchange theory, equity theory, relational dialectics, and attachment styles. 3In Russia, one typically bestows very few people the status of friend. These friendships, however, make up in intensity what they lack in number. Friends are entitled to call each other by their first names alone, and to use diminutives. A customary example of polite behavior is addressing acquaintances by full first name plus their patronymic. These could include relationships which elsewhere would be qualified as real friendships, such as workplace relationships of long standing, or neighbors with whom one shares an occasional meal or a social drink with. Also in the Middle East and Central Asia, male friendships, while less restricted than in Russia, tend to be reserved and respectable in nature. They may use nicknames and diminutive forms of their first names. In countries like India, it is believed in some parts that friendship is a form of respect, not born out of fear or superiority. Friends are people who are equal in most standards, but still respect each other regardless of their attributes or shortcomings. Most of the countries previously mentioned (Russia, Asia, and even the Middle East) and even our own nation are suffering a decline in genuine friendships. According to a study documented in the June 2006 issue of the Journal American Sociological Review, Americans are thought to be suffering a loss in the quality and quantity of close friendships since at least 1985. The studys results state that twenty-five percent of 4Americans have no close confidants, and the average total number of confidants per citizen has dropped from four to two. According to the study, 5Americans dependence on family as a safety net went up from fifty-seven percent to eighty percent; Americans dependence on a partner or spouse went up from five percent to nine percent. Recent studies have found a link between fewer friendships, especially in quality, and psychological and physiological regression. In the sequence of the emotional development of the individual, friendships come after parental bonding and before the pair bonding engaged in at the approach of maturity. In the intervening period between the end of early childhood and the onset of full adulthood, friendships are often the most important relationships in the emotional life of the adolescent, and are often more intense than relationships experienced later in life. 6Unfortunately, making friends seems to trouble many of people. Having no friends can be emotionally damaging for all ages, from young children to full grown adults. A study performed by researchers from Purdue University found that post-secondary-education friendships, college and university last longer than the friendships before it. Children with Asperger syndrome and autism usually have some difficulty forming friendships. 7Socially crippling conditions like these are just one way that the social world is so difficult to thrive in. 8This does not mean that they are not able to form friendships, however. With time, moderation and proper instruction, they are able to form friendships after realizing their own strengths and weaknesses. 9There is a number of theories that attempt to explain the link, including that; Good friends encourage their friends to lead more healthy lifestyles; 10Good friends encourage their friends to seek help and access services, when needed; 11Good friends enhance their friends 12coping skills in dealing with illness and other health problems; and/or Good friends actually affect physiological pathways that are protective of health. Regardless of what we think, we can clearly see that there are some ways that friends, best friends and archenemies are the same, but in the end they are clearly more different. 13Nonetheless we all have every single type in our lives. (Adapted from: http://www.ukessays.com/essays/philosophy/therelationship- between-friends-and-types-of-friendship-philosophyessay. php) According to the last paragraph a)every human being is the same in many ways. b)one is able to have only friends and arch-enemies in life. c)even tough friends are equal, they differ when together d) despite friendship vary, one will always have each of them. QUESTO ANULADA!

Questão 40
2016Inglês

(Epcar (Afa) 2016) THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FRIENDS AND TYPES OF FRIENDSHIP Everyone has at least one best friend, some maybe even more. There are also those people who are just friends and also arch-enemies. People may think that just because they are your friends it means that they are your best friend. The thing is, even though they are your friend, the relationship between a best friend and a friend is different. Either way regardless of archenemies, friends or best friends, there are not many ways to compare any of these different types of friends, but you can easily contrast them from one another. Arch-enemies often know more about each other than two friends. In a comparison of personal relationships, 1friendship is considered to be closer than association, although a wide range of degrees of intimacy exists in friendships, arch-enemies, and associations. Friendship and association can be thought of as spanning across the same continuum. 2The study of friendship is included in the fields of sociology, social psychology, anthropology, philosophy, and zoology. Even animals have familiars! Various academic theories of friendship have been proposed, among which are social exchange theory, equity theory, relational dialectics, and attachment styles. 3In Russia, one typically bestows very few people the status of friend. These friendships, however, make up in intensity what they lack in number. Friends are entitled to call each other by their first names alone, and to use diminutives. A customary example of polite behavior is addressing acquaintances by full first name plus their patronymic. These could include relationships which elsewhere would be qualified as real friendships, such as workplace relationships of long standing, or neighbors with whom one shares an occasional meal or a social drink with. Also in the Middle East and Central Asia, male friendships, while less restricted than in Russia, tend to be reserved and respectable in nature. They may use nicknames and diminutive forms of their first names. In countries like India, it is believed in some parts that friendship is a form of respect, not born out of fear or superiority. Friends are people who are equal in most standards, but still respect each other regardless of their attributes or shortcomings. Most of the countries previously mentioned (Russia, Asia, and even the Middle East) and even our own nation are suffering a decline in genuine friendships. According to a study documented in the June 2006 issue of the Journal American Sociological Review, Americans are thought to be suffering a loss in the quality and quantity of close friendships since at least 1985. The studys results state that twenty-five percent of 4Americans have no close confidants, and the average total number of confidants per citizen has dropped from four to two. According to the study, 5Americans dependence on family as a safety net went up from fifty-seven percent to eighty percent; Americans dependence on a partner or spouse went up from five percent to nine percent. Recent studies have found a link between fewer friendships, especially in quality, and psychological and physiological regression. In the sequence of the emotional development of the individual, friendships come after parental bonding and before the pair bonding engaged in at the approach of maturity. In the intervening period between the end of early childhood and the onset of full adulthood, friendships are often the most important relationships in the emotional life of the adolescent, and are often more intense than relationships experienced later in life. 6Unfortunately, making friends seems to trouble many of people. Having no friends can be emotionally damaging for all ages, from young children to full grown adults. A study performed by researchers from Purdue University found that post-secondary-education friendships, college and university last longer than the friendships before it. Children with Asperger syndrome and autism usually have some difficulty forming friendships. 7Socially crippling conditions like these are just one way that the social world is so difficult to thrive in. 8This does not mean that they are not able to form friendships, however. With time, moderation and proper instruction, they are able to form friendships after realizing their own strengths and weaknesses. 9There is a number of theories that attempt to explain the link, including that; Good friends encourage their friends to lead more healthy lifestyles; 10Good friends encourage their friends to seek help and access services, when needed; 11Good friends enhance their friends 12coping skills in dealing with illness and other health problems; and/or Good friends actually affect physiological pathways that are protective of health. Regardless of what we think, we can clearly see that there are some ways that friends, best friends and archenemies are the same, but in the end they are clearly more different. 13Nonetheless we all have every single type in our lives. (Adapted from: http://www.ukessays.com/essays/philosophy/therelationship- between-friends-and-types-of-friendship-philosophyessay. php) According to the information in the fourth and fifth paragraphs

1-15 de 64
NOVIDADES
Kuadro