Gabarito FACULDADE CIÊNCIAS MÉDICAS - Provas Anteriores

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Questão
2021História

(FCMS - SC/SP - 2021)A Idade Mdia complexa. Por que a chamamos de feudal? Antes de tudo porque ela dominada por senhores que tm subordinados chamados vassalos, aos quais eles concedem (emprestam, se preferirem) terras que lhes proporcionam uma renda e que so chamadas de feudos, da o nome feudal. Essa palavra designa um sistema social que os filsofos do sculo XVIII e os homens da Revoluo Francesa detestam e denunciam, porque o povo, os camponeses, as pessoas simples so oprimidas pelos ricos e poderosos. Essa imagem permanece colada Idade Mdia. (Jacques Le Goff. A Idade Mdia explicada aos meus filhos, 2007. Adaptado.) A partir da leitura do excerto, pode-se constatar que

Questão
2020Português

(CM - RJ - 2020) A oposio passado/presente essencial na aquisio da conscincia do tempo. No um dado natural, mas sim uma construo. Com efeito, o interesse do passado est em esclarecer o presente. O processo da memria no homem faz intervir no s na ordenao de vestgios, mas tambm na releitura desses vestgios. (Jacques Le Goff) Colecionar fotos colecionar o mundo. As fotos so, de fato, experincia capturada, e a1cmera o brao ideal da conscincia,2em sua disposio aquisitiva.3Imagens fotografadas no parecem manifestaes a respeito do mundo,4mas sim pedaos dele, miniaturas da realidade que qualquer um pode fazer ou adquirir. Fotos, que enfeixam o mundo, parecem solicitar que as enfeixemos tambm. So afixadas em lbuns, emolduradas e expostas em mesas, pregadas em paredes, projetadas como diapositivos. Por meio de fotos,5cada famlia constri uma famlia , em geral, um lbum sobre a famlia ampliada - e, muitas vezes, o que dela resta. 7Assim como 8as fotos do s pesssoas a posse imaginria de um passado irreal,9tambm as ajudam a tomar posse de um espao10em que se acham inseguras. (SONATO, Susa.Sobre a fotografia.So Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 2006. p. 14-15 e 19. Texto adaptado.) Vocabulrio Diapositivo:imagem positiva, esttica e translcida, de modo geral em pelcula, e que se pode projetar; imagem fotogrfica. Enfeixar:amarrar ou prender em feixe; colocar junto; ajunta; reunir. Assim como as fotos do s pessoas a posse imaginria de um passado irreal,tambm as ajudam a tomar posse de um espao em que se acham inseguras. (referncia 7) Nessa passagem, o trecho sublinhado apresenta o valor de

Questão
2020Inglês

(Faculdade de Cincias Mdicas da Paraba - 2020/1) New Data on Autism Spectrum Disorder in 4- Year-Old Children. CDC scientists published a report onthe prevalence and characteristics of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among 4-year-old children. This report is based on information from the Early Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network. Early ADDM is a subset of the broader ADDM Network, which has been doing ASD surveillance among 8-year-old children since 2000. In this report, published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Surveillance Summaries, scientists analyzed information from the health and/or education records of preschool-aged children. Identifying children with ASD early helps families get access to services in their communities. This report provides valuable information on progress made toward early identification of children with ASD, and informs providers, particularly public schools, of upcoming service needs. The data in this report demonstrate a continued need to identify children with ASD sooner and refer them to early intervention. Seven sites from across the United States were included in this report. These sites participated in Early ADDM for at least one year during surveillance years 2010, 2012, and2014. However, trends in the prevalence and characteristics of ASD could only be analyzed across three sites: Arizona, Missouri, and New Jersey. This is because not all seven sites participated and had consistent data sources for all three surveillance years. (Adapted from: www.cdc.gov) Choose the proper question tag for the following sentence adapted from the text: This report is based on information from the Early Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring, __________.

Questão
2019Biologia

(FCMSC-SP/2019-2) Um homem foi picado por uma jararaca e procurou auxlio mdico em um hospital. Para inibir o efeito das toxinas contidas no veneno da serpente, o mdico indicou para esse homem

Questão
2019Química

(FCM 2019) A cmara de gs era um dispositivo para matar seres humanos que consiste em uma cmara fechada na qual um veneno ou gs asfixiante era introduzido. Durante o Holocausto, tais cmaras eliminaram grandes grupos de pessoas, como parte da poltica nazista de genocdio contra judeus. Os nazistas tambm tinham como alvos ciganos, homossexuais, deficientes fsicos e mentais e intelectuais contrrios ao regime. Os agentes txicos mais utilizados eram o cianeto de hidrognio, o dixido de carbono e o monxido de carbono. Tais substncias caracterizam-se por ter natureza apolar, o que explica a capacidade de atravessar com facilidade as membranas das clulas, comprometendo de forma irreversvel o funcionamento do sistema nervoso. A polaridade destas substncias explicada quimicamente pela teoria da hibridizao e ageometria molecular. Sobre a hibridizao dos carbonos do cianeto de hidrognio, do dixido de carbono e do monxido de carbono, correto afirmar o que se apresenta na alternativa:

Questão
2019Inglês

(Faculdade de Cincias Mdicas da Paraba - 2019/1) Engaging Doctors in the Health Care Revolution Despite wondrous advances in medicine and technology, health care regularly fails at the fundamental job of any business: to reliably deliver what its customers need. In the face of ever-increasing complexity, the hard work and best intentions of individual physicians can no longer guaranteeefficient, high-quality care. Fixing health care will require a radical transformation, moving from a system organized around individual physicians to a team-based approach focused on patients. Doctors, of course, must be central players in the transformation: Any ambitious strategy that they do not embrace is doomed. And yet, many physicians are deeply anxious about the changes under way and are mourning real or anticipated losses of autonomy, respect, and income. They are being told that they must accept new organizational structures, ways of working, payment models, and performance goals. They struggle to care for the endless stream of patients who want to be seen, but they constantly hear that much of what they do is waste. Theyre moving at various rates through the stages of grief: A few are still in denial, but many are in the second stageanger. Bursts of rage over relatively small issues are common. Given doctors angst, how can leaders best engage them in redesigning care? In our roles in senior management of two large U.S. health care systems, and as observers and partners of many others, we have seen firsthand that winning physicians support takes more than simple incentives. Leaders at all levels must draw on reserves of optimism, courage, and resilience. They must develop an understanding of behavioral economics and social capital and be ready to part company with clinicians who refuse to work with their colleagues to improve outcomes and efficiency. To help health care leaders engage physicians in the pursuit of their organizations greater goals, we suggest a framework based on the writings of the economist and sociologist Max Weber, who described four motivations that drive social action (that is, action in response to others behavior). Adapted for health care professionals, these are: shared purpose, self-interest, respect, and tradition. Leaders can use these levers to earn doctors buy-in and bring about the change the system so urgently needs. (Adapted from www.hbr.org) Choose the proper question tag for the following sentence adapted from the text: They are being told that they must accept new organizational structures, ___________.

Questão
2019Inglês

(Faculdade de Cincias Mdicas da Paraba - 2019/1) Understanding Anxiety Disorder Many of us worry from time to time. We fret over finances, feel anxious about job interviews, or get nervous about social gatherings. These feelings can be normal or even helpful. They may give us a boost of energy or help us focus. But for people with anxiety disorders, they can be overwhelming. Anxiety disorders affect nearly 1 in 5 American adults each year. People with these disorders have feelings of fear and uncertainty that interfere with everyday activities and last for 6 months or more. Anxiety disorders can also raise your risk for other medical problems such as heart disease, diabetes, substance abuse, and depression. The good news is that most anxiety disorders get better with therapy. The course of treatment depends on the type of anxiety disorder. Medications, psychotherapy (talktherapy), or a combination of both can usually relieve troubling symptoms. Anxiety disorders are one of the most treatable mental health problems we see, says Dr. Daniel Pine, an NIH neuroscientist and psychiatrist. Still, for reasons we dont fully understand, most people who have these problems dont get the treatments that could really help them. One of the most common types of anxiety disorder is social anxiety disorder, or social phobia. It affects both women and men equallya total of about 15 million U.S. adults. Without treatment, social phobia can last for years or even a lifetime. People with social phobia may worry for days or weeks before a social event. Theyre often embarrassed, selfconscious, and afraid of being judged. They find it hard to talk to others. They may blush, sweat, tremble, or feel sick to their stomach when around other people. (Adapted from: www.newsinhealth.nih.gov) Choose the proper question tag for the following sentence from the text: These feelings can be normal or even helpful, _________.

Questão
2018Espanhol

(FCM - PB - 2018/2) Estrs: un fenmeno de nuestro tiempo El estrs es bueno para la salud, en su justa medida! Cuando la tensin diaria nos agobia, nos agota diariamente el estrs (distrs) se convierte en un elemento extremamente perjudicial para nuestra salud, causante de muchos desrdenes ydistorsiones. Debemos aprender a controlarlo y dominarlo. Nos proponemos aconsejarte lo siguiente: 1) Pensamiento positivo. Autocontrol del pensamiento opuesto. Combate pensamientos negativos. No te permitas ni uno. Intenta practicar autocontrol aplicando el pensamiento opuesto al negativo. Recrate en las cosas buenas que te han pasado (aunque pienses que han sido pocas). Confa en tu cerebro si lo alimentas de cosas positivas... 2) Rer y sonrer (e incluso de ti mismo). La risa tiene poderes y efectos milagrosos sobre el cuerpo humano. 3) Cudate. Plnteate como un reto vivir, cudate...Ordena tu vida, tu alimentacin sana, tus ejercicios. Anda. 4) Intenta disfrutar hablando con los dems, imagina cosas positivas de tu relacin con los dems. Deja de criticar. 5) Vuelve al trabajo. Planifica tu trabajo con antelacin. 6) Practica la respiracin y la relajacin, especialmente la respiracin abdominal. 7) Escucha msica relajante. O msica en general. (http://www.euroresidntes.com/estrs/estrs.htm,p..1,en 16/6/2006) Cuandola tensin diaria [...], el trmino subrayado refleja idea de:

Questão
2018Inglês

(Faculdade de Cincias Mdicas da Paraba - 2018/1) Brazils Former Olympic Chief Charged in 2016 Games Bribes Investigation RIO DE JANEIRO Brazilian prosecutors charged the former head of the National Olympics Committee (Comit Olmpico do Brasil, COB), Carlos Nuzman, and five other people with corruption based on an investigation of alleged bribery to have Rio de Janeiro host the 2016 Games. Nuzman, who was provisionally suspended by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and arrested in Rio on Oct. 5th, was charged with racketeering, money laundering and violating currency laws. The former governor of Rio de Janeiro State, Sergio Cabral, and formerCOBdirector Leonardo Gryner were also charged with corruption in connection with a $2 million payment to guarantee votes for Rio, the prosecutors office said. Nuzman, 75 years old, a former IOC member and now honorary member, is accused of arranging bribes to get the IOCtopickRio as host of the 2016 Olympic Games. He has denied any wrongdoing. Rio was awarded the Games in 2009 over Chicago, Tokyo and Madrid. Those charged included Brazilian businessman Arthur Soares, who prosecutors said acted as an intermediary, and Lamine Diack, a former IOC member from Senegal and former head of the International Association of Athletics Federation. The IOC provisionally suspended Nuzman a day after he was arrested, along with the COB, which was responsible for Rios bid to stage the Games. The IOC said Brazilian athletes would not be affected and Team Brazil would be able to take part at next years Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang in South Korea. Nuzman resigned last week as head of theCOB.In a letter to the committee he said he needed to devote himself to his legal defense and would not be returning. (Adapted from: https://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2017/10/18/sports/olympics/18reuters-brazil-corruption-olympics.html) Choose theappropriatequestion tag answer for the following text fragment: Carlos Nuzman was provisionally suspended by the International Olympic Committee, ____________?

Questão
2018Espanhol

(FCM-PB - 2018/2) TEXTO 1 Se habra salvado Naomi Musenga si la hubieran atendido rpidamente cuando llam pidiendo ayuda al servicio de urgencias?Esa es una duda que quizs nunca se resolver.Perono es la cuestin principal.Loque ha estremecido a toda Francia no ha sido la falta de respuesta, sino el tono de la misma. La publicacin de la conversacin telefnica entre la joven de 22 aos y la operadora del servicio de urgencias que la atendi, y a la que se puede ormofndosede ella yhumillndola,ha sacudido a todo el pas. La fiscala de Estrasburgo ya ha abierto una investigacin preliminar. Tambin la ministra de Salud, una indignada Agns Buzyn, ha pedido explicaciones ante tamaas disfunciones.El sector reconoceuna actitud imperdonable, pero ha aprovechado para alertar de la situacin de un servicio mdico pblico que, segn sus responsables, est desbordado por una demanda cada vez mayor sin que se aumenten los recursos. Sus padres pidieron este jueves que se haga justicia y se depuren responsabilidades. (Pars, 10 may 2018 - 13:35 br. In Peridico El Pas) Contesta segn el texto: Loque ha estremecido a toda Francia []. El trmino destacado subrayado es:

Questão
2017Inglês

(Faculdade de Cincias Mdicas da Paraba - 2017/1) The benefits of mindfulness meditation, increasingly popular in recent years, are supposed to be many: reduced stress and risk for various diseases, improved well-being, a rewired brain. But the experimental bases to support these claims have been few. Supporters of the practice have relied on very small samples of unrepresentative subjects, like isolated Buddhist monks who spend hours meditating every day, or on studies that generally were not randomized and did not include placebo control groups. This month, however, a study published in Biological Psychiatry brings scientific thoroughness to mindfulness meditation and for the first time shows that, unlike a placebo, it can change the brains of ordinary people and potentially improve their health. To meditate mindfully demands an open and receptive, nonjudgmental awareness of your present-moment experience, says J. David Creswell, who led the study and is an associate professor of psychology and the director of the Health and Human Performance Laboratory at Carnegie Mellon University. One difficulty of investigating meditation has been the placebo problem. In rigorous studies, some participants receive treatment while others get a placebo: They believe they are getting the same treatment when they are not. But people can usually tell if they are meditating. Dr. Creswell, working with scientists from a number of other universities, managed to fake mindfulness. First they recruited 35 unemployed men and women who were seeking work and experiencing considerable stress. Blood was drawn and brain scans were given. Half the subjects were then taught formal mindfulness meditation at a residential retreat center; the rest completed a kind of sham mindfulness meditation that was focused on relaxation and distracting oneself from worries and stress. We had everyone do stretching exercises, for instance, Dr. Creswell says. The mindfulness group paid close attention to bodily sensations, including unpleasant ones. The relaxation group was encouraged to chatter and ignore their bodies, while their leader cracked jokes. At the end of three days, the participants all told the researchers that they felt refreshed and better able to withstand the stress of unemployment. Yet follow-up brain scans showed differences in only those who underwent mindfulness meditation. There was more activity, or communication, among the portions of their brains that process stress-related reactions and other areas related to focus and calm. Four months later, those who had practiced mindfulness showed much lower levels in their blood of a marker of unhealthy inflammation than the relaxation group, even though few were still meditating. Dr. Creswell and his colleagues believe that the changes in the brain contributed to the subsequent reduction in inflammation, although precisely how remains unknown. Also unclear is whether you need to spend three uninterrupted days of contemplation to reap the benefits. When it comes to how much mindfulness is needed to improve health, Dr. Creswell says, we still have no idea about the ideal dose. (Adapted from: http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/02/18/contemplation-therapy/) Choose the appropriate question tag for the following sentence adapted from the text: Dr. Creswell and his colleagues believe that the changes in the brain contributed to the subsequent reduction in inflammation, ____________?

Questão
2017Português

(FCMMG/PB - 2017/2) Considere o trecho: Os notveis alardeiam [...] O processo de formao da palavra em destaque se repete em:

Questão
2017Espanhol

(FCM - MG - 2017) Ataque en Niza: Haba cadveres por todas partes Un testigo relat que haba mltiples personas tendidas en la calle luego de que un camin atropellara a ms de 70 personas Un testigo dijo a agenciaThe Associated Pressque vio al conductor de un camin arrollar a una multitud que departa en la ciudad de Niza, Francia, y luego salir del vehculo disparando, lo que dej 70 muertos Haba una carnicera en la calle, dijo Wassim Bouhlel, originario de Niza. Haba cadveres por todas partes. Vimos gente herida (escuchamos gritar a muchas vctimas) relat un reportero de la AFP en el sitio. Era un caos, agreg. Salimos todos corriendo como locos, el pnico era terrible. La gente corra por la playa, por el mar. Era una locura. Yo miraba a mi novia, miraba la cara de ni novia, de mi suegra, estaban totalmente alteradas, relata Joaqun, testigo de los hechos. La gente est corriendo, todos estn en pnico. Todos1quieren escapar en sus autos. La calle est llena de heridos, relat una periodista deLe Mondeque se encontraba en el lugar. EI camin arroll a varias personas durante un largo trayecto por la acera,cercadel Palacio del Mediterrneo de Niza, que da a la playa, dijo Sylvie Toffin, funcionario de prensa de la prefectura local. Este camin de la muerte ha pasado a pocos metros de mi y no me di cuenta. Vi cuerpos volando como bolos en su camino. Escuch gritos que nunca voy a olvidar. No me mov, escribi el periodista Damien Allemand en el diarioMedium. 3Los cuerpos y heridos llenaban la acera, agreg. Por su parte, el gobernador de Niza public en su cuenta de Twitter: EI peor drama de historia de Niza, ms de 70 muertos. Un camin arroll a una multitud de personas congregadas en la ciudad francesa de Niza que celebraba la fiesta nacional por el da de la Toma de la Bastilla en Francia. Habra al menos 70 muertos y 120 heridos, segn medios franceses Peridico el comercio, jueves 14 de julio 2016 El verbo que representa la misma irregularidad de querer (referencia 1) en presente de indicativo es

Questão
2017Química

(FCMMG / 2017) No livroTio Tungstnio,de Olivier Sacks, l-se Tnhamos uma pereira no quintal, e minha me fazia um nctar de pera bem consistente, no qual o aroma da fruta parecia intenso. Mas li que o aroma de pera tambm pode ser produzido artificialmente (como nas balas de pra), sem usar as frutas. Bastava comelar um dos lcoois - etila, metila, amila ou outro - e destil-lo com cido actico para formar o ster correspondente. Surpreendi-me quando soube que algo to simples como o acetato de etila podia ser responsvel pelo complexo e delicioso aroma das peras. Afrmulada substncia responsvel pelo aroma de pera e os reagentesque a produziram so:

Questão
2017Biologia

(FCMMG - 2017) UMA VEZ, EM BOGOT Cheguei ao hotel sentindo-me lnguido. Resolvi dar uma volta no quarteiro, para ver as modas. Sobravam ponchos aconchegantes que ajudavam artificialmente a homeostase da temperatura do corpo. Quando voltei e fui para a cama, notei que quase no respirava! Forcei os pulmes e me senti melhor. Bogot fica a uma altitude de 2.630 metros, de modo que o ar rarefeito trazia-me O2 escasso, mesmo para minhas necessidades em repouso. Se eu fosse jogar futebol, no faria um gol. por isso que os atletas chegam a esses lugares semanas antes da competio para que o organismo possa adaptar-se altitude. PESSOA, Oswaldo Frota, BIOLOGIA vol. 1, ed. Scipione, 2008. Constitui um dos fatores de adaptabilidade s altitudes:

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