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Questões e gabarito - ITA 1997

Questão
1997Inglês

(Ita 1997)  Now to join In the world's largest conversation All you need to start cruising the information super-highway is a computer and a modem. Then you have to decide what sort of service you want. Companies such as Compuserve and CIX (Compulink information Exchange) offer a wide variety of discussion groups (which are often called conferences) and electronic mail; and Compuserve, in particular, gives access to a host of commercial services.At present, neither offers full access to the Internet - they are linked by a "gateway" through which e-mail can be sent and received, but which denies access to many of the delights the Net has to offer. __(I)__, both companies are widening the gateways in the near future.To use all the services the Net has to offer, you have to turn to a service provider like Demon Internet. For a monthly fee, service providers can give you your own Net address. From then on, you are able to use the wide range of software that already exists for Net surfing. Unlike Compuserve and CIX, service providers do not give you an all-in-one software package as part of the deal. Demon, however, provides several of the most important programs, and will sell you a book and disk package containing most of the rest of what you need for about 30 pounds.Once you've got your programs, you'll have to configure them for your machine. This isn't difficult, but it'll help if you can seek advice from someone who is already linked up using a similar system, or it's likely you'll be spending a while on the telephone to your service provider's customer support line. After your software is working, the world of the Net is yours to explore. FOCUS. Aug. 1994, p. 36 A alternativa que melhor preenche a lacuna I é:

Questão
1997Inglês

(Ita 1997) Industrial engineering: Getting more out of hat you've got The semiconductor industry has been engaged in a headlong race to make (I), (II), (III) chips for so long that the time has come for companies to take a step back and re-examine their basic needs to embrace another path to achieving increased output without relying solely on new and costly process flows.Old paths have driven the industry into an expensive rut. Many manufacturers believe that the only MEANS to greater production capacity is augmenting the old with the new. Virtually all of the world's LEADING semiconductor companies are building new fabs to satisfy projected demand, DESPITE CONCERNS ABOUT MONTHLY BOOK/BIL_L RATIOS. This multibillion-dollar building frenzy could be significantly reduced. If the companies had done as much industrial engineering as market research before beginning fab construction, they might have found that their present facilities could meet much more of the anticipated demand. (...)Industrial engineering uses data gathered and analyzed from diverse areas of manufacturing, including staffing, plant layout, equipment utilization, and work flow. This complex procedure is made painless by sophisticated analysis software.Although proven to be an excellent manufacturing strategy, surprisingly few US or European IC manufacturers are using established industrial engineering principles. Those who have, however, have become true believers due to the gratifying results.Industrial engineering and productivity management have become critical steps in our industry. It is no longer enough just to buy another tool or build another fab. It takes too long and it costs too much. The time and capital resources saved will confirm the value of industrial engineering.In this way, the industry will travel a new course to achieving increased output without paying the high price of technological advances. It simply comes down to wise management. Industrial engineering allows full use of available resources, to get more out of what you've already got. by Eli Pelleg - president of Tefen USA. Adapted from Solid State Technology - June 1996, p. 271-272 Uma outra forma de se escrever o trecho "...despite concerns about monthly book/bill ratios", em maiúsculo, no segundo parágrafo do texto é: