Gabarito UFV - Provas Anteriores

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Questão
2017Português

(UFV - 2017) Leia a estrofe abaixo e faa o que se pede: Dos vcios j desligados nos pajs no crendo mais, nem suas danas rituais, nem seus mgicos cuidados (Anchieta , Jos de. O Auto de So Loureno [Traduo e adaptao de Walmir Ayala] Rio de Janeiro: Ediouro[s.d.] pg 110) Assinale a afirmativa verdadeira, considerando a estrofe acima, pronunciada pelos meninos ndios em procisso:

Questão
2013Português

(UFVJM - 2013) Considere esta frase: Com base nessa figura,ASSINALEa alternativa correta.

Questão
2012História

(UFV - 2012) Antes da chegada dos espanhis ao territrio que seria chamado de Amrica, havia muitos povos com culturas e organizaes polticas e sociais bastante distintas entre si. De modo geral, esses povos so denominados pr-colombianos. Sobre os povos incas, considere as afirmativas abaixo, atribuindo V para as verdadeiras e F para as falsas: ( ) Os incas constituram um vasto imprio, integrado por povos de idntica cultura. ( ) O imprio inca se desenvolveu na costa Oeste da Amrica, na cordilheira dos Andes. ( ) A cidade de Cuzco era o centro administrativo e sagrado do imprio inca. ( ) A sociedade no era estratificada e o governo era composto por diferentes estratos sociais. ( ) O poder poltico mximo era do imperador, considerado o filho do deus Sol. Assinale a sequncia CORRETA:

Questão
2011História

(UFV - 2011) Leia o texto abaixo: Vrios historiadores tm procurado entender a originalidade da monarquia brasileira vinculando-a chegada da famlia real ao Brasil em 1808. De fato, no mnimo inusitado pensar numa colnia sediando a capital de um imprio. Chamada por Maria Odila Leite da Silva Dias de a internalizao da metrpole, a instalao no Brasil da corte portuguesa, que fugia das tropas napolenicas, significou no apenas um acidente fortuito, mas antes um momento angular da histria nacional e de um processo singular de emancipao. (SCHWARCZ, Lilia Moritz. Nasce um imprio nos trpicos. In: As barbas do imperador: D. Pedro II, um monarca nos trpicos. So Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 1998, p. 35.) Sobre o processo de internalizao da metrpole e a construo do Estado Nacional, INCORRETO afirmar que:

Questão
2011História

(UFV - 2011) Esparta foi uma das primeiras cidades-estados a surgir na Grcia durante o perodo arcaico, tendo sido fundada pelos drios no sculo IX a.C., no vale formado pelo rio Eurotas, na frtil regio da Lacnia, ao sul do Peloponeso. Sobre Esparta, INCORRETO afirmar que:

Questão
2011História

(UFV - 2011) A poca moderna, entre os sculos XVI e XVIII, foi marcada por vrios movimentos, criaes e inovaes entre as quais a forma com que as camadas sociais se relacionavam e produziam distino social. Tendo em vista os padres de distino social deste perodo, assinale a afirmativa CORRETA:

Questão
2011História

(UFV - 2011) O Imprio Bizantino, tambm denominado por algum tempo como Imprio Romano do Oriente, apresentou algumas diferenas em relao s sociedades da Europa Ocidental sob domnio do Imprio Romano. Com relao a essas diferenas, analise as afirmativas abaixo: I. O Imprio Romano do Ocidente, com a migrao dos germanos e dos hunos, fragmentou-se em reinos independentes, enquanto o Imprio Bizantino perdurou por aproximadamente onze sculos. II. As sociedades europeias ocidentais tenderam ruralizao e descentralizao do poder poltico at o sculo XII, enquanto a sociedade bizantina manteve-se essencialmente urbana e com poder centralizado. III. As sociedades europeias ocidentais perderam gradativamente a influncia romana, como o idioma e a estrutura das instituies poltico-administrativas, enquanto o Imprio Bizantino as manteve. Est CORRETO o que se afirma em:

Questão
2011História

(UFV - 2011) A expanso imperialista, ocorrida a partir da segunda metade do sculo XIX, resultado da rivalidade e da competio entre as naes europeias pelo domnio de vastas reas do mundo, principalmente a frica e a sia. Esse movimento reconhecido pela denominao de neocolonialismo. Sobre o neocolonialismo do sculo XIX, CORRETO afirmar que se pautou:

Questão
2011História

(UFV - 2011) No decorrer do sculo XIX, as transformaes propiciadas pela expanso do capitalismo industrial fortaleceram entre a burguesia a ideia de que a humanidade tendia a um constante progresso. Com relao cultura burguesa e ideia de progresso, assinale a afirmativa INCORRETA:

Questão
2010Inglês

(Ufv 2010) The Benefits of a New Space Race In October 2003 China became only the third nation to launch a human into space aboard its own rocket. Colonel Yang Liwei, Chinas first taikonaut, orbited the Earth for barely a day before returning, slightly shaken, to a landing in Mongolia. It was a significant technical achievement for a country that has been struggling to modernize its economy and its technology, and the 2Chinese government trumpeted it to its people and the world. Although Yangs flight received considerable attention around the globe, what was almost ignored is the fact that 8after his feet were firmly on the ground, the orbital module from his Shenzhou 5 spacecraft continued to circle the earth, carrying several military payloads. The module is apparently equipped both with a reconnaissance camera capable of spotting objects on the ground about a yard long, and an array of antennas for intercepting radar and other signals from hundreds of miles away. 4Despite this, Shenzhou is not something the United States should be concerned about, but should actually encourage. China is pursuing a human space program for three primary reasons: international prestige, domestic pacification, and industrial policy. A human space program enhances Chinas status as a major power, at least within the Pacific region. It also feeds nationalist hunger among the populace, making them proud of the achievements of their country even while they realize that they live under an authoritarian and corrupt government 1bread and circuses for the masses. Finally, a Chinese white paper about space makes clear that the Chinese anticipate numerous technological developments to flow from their space program. Building a space capability requires improvements in manufacturing, computers and materials that the Chinese hope to use in other areas 3of their economy. Because China is a rival to the United States, it is not in American interests to see them gain international prestige, pacify an oppressed population, or improve their technology. But now that China has entered the human spaceflight arena, and President Bush has proposed a new exploration plan, Americas best move might be to engage the Chinese in future cooperation in human spaceflight, such as dangling the possibility of sending future missions to the International Space Station, and possibly even future competition in this realm as well. For several years 6the Western science press has been filled with articles about Chinas space ambitions. Reporters have claimed that China has bold plans for a large human spaceflight program, including everything from space stations to Moon landings. Many of these reports, however, have generated bad translations of articles originally published in Chinese, or handwaved away the laws of physics.Chinas space ambitions are in reality much less dramatic and the requirements to achieve some of these goals much higher than the press has implied. Although most of these stories are false, it would be in Americas best interest if they are true, and a shrewd strategy to encourage Chinas peaceful exploration of space, with humans, is called for. Human spaceflight is enormously expensive, even in places where labor is cheap. Despite the slow and deliberate pace of the Chinese human spaceflight program so far, it is clear that China has spent a considerable amount of money to acquire this new capabilitynearly $2 billion. In addition to developing a spacecraft and launching four previous unmanned missions, China has also built a new rocket, a new launch pad, and a large assembly building for integrating all of the equipment, as well as various other support facilities, such as a tracking station in Namibia and several tracking ships. Recovery forces such as helicopters and aircraft cost additional money. China may also demonstrate the value of spaceflight at diverting domestic attention from government oppression and corruption. 5But the Chinese government is going to do this anyway with other events, such as the 2008 Olympics.As for Chinas industrial policy, the United States long ago learned that the spin-off argument is a weak one; although developing 7spacecraft does produce some useful technologies, it is generally inefficient. If you want a faster computer chip, then develop one; there is no need to go to the Moon to do so. The only demonstrated payoff of human spaceflight is prestige. (Dwayne A. Day. Available in http://www.thespacereview.com/article/137/1. Retrieved on July 23, 2009. Adapted.) The passive structure [] the Western science press has been filled with articles [] (ref. 6) can be rewritten in the active voice as:

Questão
2010História

(UFV) Assinale a alternativa que apresenta INCORRETAMENTE uma das caractersticas da Contrarreforma:

Questão
2010História

(UFV - 2010) Sobre as Revolues Inglesas do sculo XVII, CORRETO afirmar que:

Questão
2010Inglês

(Ufv 2010) The Benefits of a New Space Race In October 2003 China became only the third nation to launch a human into space aboard its own rocket. Colonel Yang Liwei, China’s first taikonaut, orbited the Earth for barely a day before returning, slightly shaken, to a landing in Mongolia. It was a significant technical achievement for a country that has been struggling to modernize its economy and its technology, and the 2Chinese government trumpeted it to its people and the world. Although Yang’s flight received considerable attention around the globe, what was almost ignored is the fact that 8after his feet were firmly on the ground, the orbital module from his Shenzhou 5 spacecraft continued to circle the earth, carrying several military payloads. The module is apparently equipped both with a reconnaissance camera capable of spotting objects on the ground about a yard long, and an array of antennas for intercepting radar and other signals from hundreds of miles away. 4Despite this, Shenzhou is not something the United States should be concerned about, but should actually encourage. China is pursuing a human space program for three primary reasons: international prestige, domestic pacification, and industrial policy. A human space program enhances China’s status as a major power, at least within the Pacific region. It also feeds nationalist hunger among the populace, making them proud of the achievements of their country even while they realize that they live under an authoritarian and corrupt government— 1bread and circuses for the masses. Finally, a Chinese “white paper” about space makes clear that the Chinese anticipate numerous technological developments to flow from their space program. Building a space capability requires improvements in manufacturing, computers and materials that the Chinese hope to use in other areas 3of their economy. Because China is a rival to the United States, it is not in American interests to see them gain international prestige, pacify an oppressed population, or improve their technology. But now that China has entered the human spaceflight arena, and President Bush has proposed a new exploration plan, America’s best move might be to engage the Chinese in future cooperation in human spaceflight, such as dangling the possibility of sending future missions to the International Space Station, and possibly even future competition in this realm as well. For several years 6the Western science press has been filled with articles about China’s space ambitions. Reporters have claimed that China has bold plans for a large human spaceflight program, including everything from space stations to Moon landings. Many of these reports, however, have generated bad translations of articles originally published in Chinese, or handwaved away the laws of physics.China’s space ambitions are in reality much less dramatic and the requirements to achieve some of these goals much higher than the press has implied. Although most of these stories are false, it would be in America’s best interest if they are true, and a shrewd strategy to encourage China’s peaceful exploration of space, with humans, is called for. Human spaceflight is enormously expensive, even in places where labor is cheap. Despite the slow and deliberate pace of the Chinese human spaceflight program so far, it is clear that China has spent a considerable amount of money to acquire this new capability—nearly $2 billion. In addition to developing a spacecraft and launching four previous unmanned missions, China has also built a new rocket, a new launch pad, and a large assembly building for integrating all of the equipment, as well as various other support facilities, such as a tracking station in Namibia and several tracking ships. Recovery forces such as helicopters and aircraft cost additional money. China may also demonstrate the value of spaceflight at diverting domestic attention from government oppression and corruption. 5But the Chinese government is going to do this anyway with other events, such as the 2008 Olympics.As for China’s industrial policy, the United States long ago learned that the spin-off argument is a weak one; although developing 7spacecraft does produce some useful technologies, it is generally inefficient. If you want a faster computer chip, then develop one; there is no need to go to the Moon to do so. The only demonstrated payoff of human spaceflight is prestige. (Dwayne A. Day. Available in http://www.thespacereview.com/article/137/1. Retrieved on July 23, 2009. Adapted.)   “[…] spacecraft does produce some useful technologies […]” (ref. 7). The underlined word is used, in this context, to:

Questão
2010História

(UFV - 2010) A expresso Risorgimento designa o conjunto de movimentos heterogneos que desejaram a unificao da Itlia no sculo XIX. A vertente vitoriosa que promoveu a unificao da Itlia foi:

Questão
2010Filosofia

(UFV 2010) Nicolau Maquiavel é uma das figuras centrais do pensamento político da Renascença. Em sua obra cruzamse os dilemas políticos concretos de seu tempo e a reflexão teórica sobre a natureza da atividade política. Das alternativas abaixo, assinale aquela que corresponde à combinação CORRETA de motivações e influências intelectuais da obra de Maquiavel:

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