Gabarito FUVEST - Provas Anteriores

Questão 16
2017PortuguêsGeografia

(FUVEST 2017) O Comissário apertou-lhe mais a mão, querendo transmitir-lhe o sopro de vida. Mas a vida de Sem Medo esvaía-se para o solo do Mayombe, misturando-se às folhas em decomposição. [...] Mas o Comissário não ouviu o que o Comandante disse. Os lábios já mal se moviam. A amoreira gigante à sua frente. O tronco destaca-se do sincretismo da mata, mas se eu percorrer com os olhos o tronco para cima, a folhagem dele mistura-se à folhagem geral e é de novo o sincretismo. Só o tronco se destaca, se individualiza. Tal é o Mayombe, os gigantes só o são em parte, ao nível do tronco, o resto confunde-se na massa. Tal o homem. As impressões visuais são menos nítidas e a mancha verde predominante faz esbater progressivamente a claridade do tronco da amoreira gigante. As manchas verdes são cada vez mais sobrepostas, mas, num sobressalto, o tronco da amoreira ainda se afirma, debatendo-se. Tal é a vida. [...] Os olhos de Sem Medo ficaram abertos, contemplando o tronco já invisível do gigante que para sempre desaparecera no seu elemento verde. Pepetela, Mayombe. Mayombe refere-se a uma região montanhosa em Angola, dominada por floresta pluvial densa, rica em árvores de grande porte, e localizada em área de baixa latitude (440S). Levando em conta essas características geográficas e vegetacionais, é correto afirmar que

Questão 17
2017Português

(Fuvest 2017) Analise as seguintes afirmaes relativas arquitetura das igrejas sob a esttica do Barroco: I. Unem-se, no edifcio, diferentes artes, para assaltar de uma vez os sentidos, de modo que o pblico no possa escapar. II. O arquiteto procurava surpreender o observador, suscitando nele uma reao forte de maravilhamento. III. A arquitetura e a ornamentao dos templos deviam encenar, entre outras coisas, a preeminncia da Igreja. A experincia que se expressa no poema de Drummond registra, em boa medida, as reaes do eu lrico ao que se encontra registrado em

Questão 18
2017Português

(Fuvest 2017) Um aspecto do poema em que se manifesta a persistncia de um valor afirmado tambm no Modernismo da dcada de 1920 o

Questão 19
2017Inglês

(FUVEST 2017) Plants not only remember when you touch them, but they can also make risky decisions that are as sophisticated as those made by humans, all without brains or complex nervous systems. Researchers showed that when faced with the choice between a pot containing constant levels of nutrients or one with unpredictable levels, a plant will pick the mystery pot when conditions are sufficiently poor. In a set of experiments, Dr. Shemesh, from TelHai College in Israel, and Alex Kacelnik, from Oxford University, grew pea plants and split their roots between two pots. Both pots had the same amount of nutrients on average, but in one, the levels were constant; in the other, they varied over time. Then the researchers switched the conditions so that the average nutrients in both pots would be equally high or low, and asked: Which pot would a plant prefer? When nutrient levels were low, the plants laid more roots in the unpredictable pot. But when nutrients were abundant, they chose the one that always had the same amount. The New York Times, June 30, 2016. Adaptado. Segundo uma das conclusões dos experimentos relatados no texto, as plantas de ervilha demonstraram

Questão 20
2017Inglês

(FUVEST 2017) Plants not only remember when you touch them, but they can also make risky decisions that are as sophisticated as those made by humans, all without brains or complex nervous systems. Researchers showed that when faced with the choice between a pot containing constant levels of nutrients or one with unpredictable levels, a plant will pick the mystery pot when conditions are sufficiently poor. In a set of experiments, Dr. Shemesh, from TelHai College in Israel, and Alex Kacelnik, from Oxford University, grew pea plants and split their roots between two pots. Both pots had the same amount of nutrients on average, but in one, the levels were constant; in the other, they varied over time. Then the researchers switched the conditions so that the average nutrients in both pots would be equally high or low, and asked: Which pot would a plant prefer? When nutrient levels were low, the plants laid more roots in the unpredictable pot. But when nutrients were abundant, they chose the one that always had the same amount. The New York Times,June 30, 2016. Adaptado. Conforme o texto, um dos elementos da metodologia empregada nos experimentos foi

Questão 21
2017Inglês

(FUVEST 2017) Plants not only remember when you touch them, but they can also make risky decisions that are as sophisticated as those made by humans, all without brains or complex nervous systems. Researchers showed that when faced with the choice between a pot containing constant levels of nutrients or one with unpredictable levels, a plant will pick the mystery pot when conditions are sufficiently poor. In a set of experiments, Dr. Shemesh, from TelHai College in Israel, and Alex Kacelnik, from Oxford University, grew pea plants and split their roots between two pots. Both pots had the same amount of nutrients on average, but in one, the levels were constant; in the other, they varied over time. Then the researchers switched the conditions so that the average nutrients in both pots would be equally high or low, and asked: Which pot would a plant prefer? When nutrient levels were low, the plants laid more roots in the unpredictable pot. But when nutrients were abundant, they chose the one that always had the same amount. The New York Times,June 30, 2016. Adaptado. De acordo com os experimentos relatados no texto, em condies adversas, as plantas de ervilha priorizaram o crescimento de razes nos vasos que apresentaram nveis de nutrientes

Questão 22
2017Inglês

(FUVEST 2017) A study carried out by Lauren Sherman of the University of California and her colleagues investigated how use of the like button in social media affects the brains of teenagers lying in body scanners. Thirty-two teens who had Instagram accounts were asked to lie down in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanner. This let Dr. Sherman monitor their brain activity while they were perusing both their own Instagram photos and photos that they were told had been added by other teenagers in the experiment. In reality, Dr. Sherman had collected all the other photos, which included neutral images of food and friends as well as many depicting risky behaviours like drinking, smoking and drug use, from other peoples Instagram accounts. The researchers told participants they were viewing photographs that 50 other teenagers had already seen and endorsed with a like in the laboratory. The participants were more likely themselves to like photos already depicted as having been liked a lot than they were photos depicted with fewer previous likes. When she looked at the fMRI results, Dr. Sherman found that activity in the nucleus accumbens, a hub of reward circuitry in the brain, increased with the number of likes that a photo had. The Economist, June 13, 2016. Adaptado. Segundo o texto, como resultado parcial da pesquisa, observou-se que

Questão 23
2017Inglês

(FUVEST 2017) A study carried out by Lauren Sherman of the University of California and her colleagues investigated how use of the like button in social media affects the brains of teenagers lying in body scanners. Thirty-two teens who had Instagram accounts were asked to lie down in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanner. This let Dr. Sherman monitor their brain activity while they were perusing both their own Instagram photos and photos that they were told had been added by other teenagers in the experiment. In reality, Dr. Sherman had collected all the other photos, which included neutral images of food and friends as well as many depicting risky behaviours like drinking, smoking and drug use, from other peoples Instagram accounts. The researchers told participants they were viewing photographs that 50 other teenagers had already seen and endorsed with a like in the laboratory. The participants were more likely themselves to like photos already depicted as having been liked a lot than they were photos depicted with fewer previous likes. When she looked at the fMRI results, Dr. Sherman found that activity in the nucleus accumbens, a hub of reward circuitry in the brain, increased with the number of likes that a photo had. The Economist, June 13, 2016. Adaptado. Conforme o texto, a região do cérebro que se mostrou mais ativa, quando da análise dos resultados da ressonância, corresponde a um sistema de

Questão 24
2017História

(FUVEST - 2017)Esta imagem integra o manuscrito de uma das mais notveis obras da cultura medieval. A alternativa que melhor caracteriza o documento :

Questão 25
2017HistóriaFilosofia

(FUVEST 2017)Em relação à ética e à justiça na vida política da Grécia Clássica, é correto afirmar:

Questão 26
2017História

(FUVEST - 2017)Em uma significativa passagem da tragdia Macbeth, de Shakespeare, seu personagem principal declara: Ouso tudo o que prprio de um homem; quem ousa fazer mais do que isso no o . De acordo com muitos intrpretes, essa postura revela, com extraordinria clareza, toda a audcia da experincia renascentista. Com relao cultura humanista, correto afirmar que

Questão 27
2017História

(FUVEST - 2017) Os ensaios sediciosos do final do sculo XVIII anunciam a eroso de um modo de vida. A crise geral do Antigo Regime desdobra-se nas reas perifricas do sistema atlntico pois essa a posio da Amrica portuguesa , apontando para a emergncia de novas alternativas de ordenamento da vida social. Istvn Jancs, A Seduo da Liberdade. In: Fernando Novais,Histria da Vida Privada no Brasil, v.1.So Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 1997. Adaptado. A respeito das rebelies contra o poder colonial portugus na Amrica, no perodo mencionado no texto, correto afirmar que,

Questão 28
2017História

(FUVEST 2017) Encontram-se assinaladas no mapa, sobre as fronteiras dos pases atuais, as rotas eurasianas de comrcio a longa distncia que, no incio da Idade Moderna, cruzavam o Imprio Otomano, demarcado pelo quadro. A respeito dessas rotas, das regies que elas atravessavam e das relaes de poder que elas envolviam, correto afirmar que

Questão 29
2017História

(FUVEST - 2017) Nveis per capita de industrializao, 1750-1913 (Reino Unido em 1900 = 100) Ronald Findlay e Kevin ORourke. Power and Plenty: Trade, War, and the World Economy in the Second Millennium. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007. Adaptado. Com base na tabela, correto afirmar:

Questão 29
2017Geografia

(FUVEST - 2017) Com base na tabela, correto afirmar: