Gabarito FUVEST - Provas Anteriores

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Questão 79
2016História

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) A imagem pode ser corretamente lida como uma

Questão 80
2016História

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) Somos produto de 500 anos de luta: primeiro, contra a escravido, na Guerra de Independncia contra a Espanha, encabeada pelos insurgentes; depois, para evitar sermos absorvidos pelo expansionismo norte-americano; em seguida, para promulgar nossa Constituio e expulsar o Imprio Francs de nosso solo; depois, a ditadura porfirista nos negou a aplicao justa das leis de Reforma e o povo se rebelou criando seus prprios lderes; assim surgiram Villa e Zapata, homens pobres como ns, a quem se negou a preparao mais elementar, para assim utilizar-nos como bucha de canho e saquear as riquezas de nossa ptria, sem importar que estejamos morrendo de fome e enfermidades curveis, sem importar que no tenhamos nada, absolutamente nada, nem um teto digno, nem terra, nem trabalho, nem sade, nem alimentao, nem educao, sem ter direito a eleger livre e democraticamente nossas autoridades, sem independncia dos estrangeiros, sem paz nem justia para ns e nossos filhos. Primeira declarao da Selva Lacandona (janeiro de 1994), in Massimo diFelice e Cristoval Muoz (orgs.). A revoluo invencvel. Subcomandante Marcos e Exrcito Zapatista de Libertao Nacional. Cartas e comunicados. So Paulo: Boitempo, 1998. Adaptado. O documento, divulgado no incio de 1994 pelo Exrcito Zapatista de Libertao Nacional, refere-se, entre outros processos histricos,

Questão 81
2016História

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) O processo de expanso das caractersticas multilaterais do sistema ocidental nas diversas reas do mundo conheceu crescente impasse a partir do incio do novo sculo. A sustentabilidade de um sistema substancialmente unipolar mostrou-se cada vez mais crtica, precisamente em face das transformaes estruturais, ligadas, antes de mais nada, ao crescimento econmico da sia, que pareciam complementar e sustentar a ordem mundial do ps-GuerraFria. A ameaa do fundamentalismo islmico e do terrorismo internacional dividiu o Ocidente. O papel de pilar dos Estados Unidos oscilou entre um unilateralismo imperial, tendendo a renegar as prprias caractersticas da hegemonia, e um novo multilateralismo, ainda a ser pensado e definido. Silvio Pons. A revoluo global: histria do comunismo internacional (1917-1991). Rio de Janeiro: Contraponto, 2014. O texto prope uma interpretao do cenrio internacional no princpio do sculo XXI e afirma a necessidade de se

Questão 81
2016HistóriaGeografia

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) O processo de expanso das caractersticas multilaterais do sistema ocidental nas diversas reas do mundo conheceu crescente impasse a partir do incio do novo sculo. A sustentabilidade de um sistema substancialmente unipolar mostrouse cada vez mais crtica, precisamente em face das transformaes estruturais, ligadas, antes de mais nada, ao crescimento econmico da sia, que pareciam complementar e sustentar a ordem mundial do psGuerra Fria. A ameaa do fundamentalismo islmico e do terrorismo internacional dividiu o Ocidente. O papel de pilar dos Estados Unidos oscilou entre um unilateralismo imperial, tendendo a renegar as prprias caractersticas da hegemonia, e um novo multilateralismo, ainda a ser pensado e definido. Silvio Pons. A revoluo global: histria do comunismo internacional (19171991). Rio de Janeiro: Contraponto, 2014 O texto prope uma interpretao do cenrio internacional no princpio do sculo XXI e afirma a necessidade de se

Questão 82
2016História

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) Eu por vezes tenho dito a V. A. aquilo que me parecia acerca dos negcios da Frana, e isto por ver por conjecturas e aparncias grandes aquilo que podia suceder dos pontos mais aparentes, que consigo traziam muito prejuzo ao estado e aumento dos senhorios de V. A. E tudo se encerrava em vs, Senhor, trabalhardes com modos honestos de fazer que esta gente no houvesse de entrar nem possuir coisa de vossas navegaes, pelo grandssimo dano que da se podia seguir. Serafim Leite. Cartas dos primeiros jesutas do Brasil, 1954. O trecho acima foi extrado de uma carta dirigida pelo padre jesuta Diogo de Gouveia ao Rei de Portugal D. Joo III, escrita em Paris, em 17/02/1538. Seu contedo mostra

Questão 83
2016História

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) Examine o grfico. O grfico fornece elementos para afirmar:

Questão 84
2016História

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) Na Belle poque brasileira, que difusamente coincidiu com a transio para o regime republicano, surgiram aquelas perguntas cruciais, envoltas no oxignio mental da poca, muitas das quais, contudo, nos incomodam at hoje: como construir uma nao se no tnhamos uma populao definida ou um tipo definido? Frente quele amlgama de passado efuturo, alimentado e realimentado pela Repblica, quem era o brasileiro? (...) Inmeras tentativas de respostas a todas estas questes mobilizaram os intelectuais brasileiros durante vrias dcadas. Elias Thom Saliba. Razes do riso. So Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 2002. Entre as tentativas de responder, durante a Belle poque brasileira, s dvidas mencionadas no texto, correto incluir

Questão 85
2016História

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) Paralelamente abertura da Transamaznica processa-se o trabalho da colonizao, realizado pelo INCRA (Instituto Nacional de Colonizao e Reforma Agrria). As pequenas agrovilas se sucedem de vinte em vinte quilmetros margem da estrada, e nos cem hectares que cada colono recebeu so plantados milho, feijo e arroz. J no prximo ms comear a plantao de cana-de-acar, cujas primeiras mudas, vindas dos canaviais de Sertozinho, em So Paulo, acabaram de ser distribudas. Jovens agrnomos, recm-sados da universidade, orientam os colonos... No meio da selva comeam a surgir as agrovilas. Vindos de diferentes regies do pas, os colonos povoam as margens da Transamaznica e espalham pelo cho virgem o verde disciplinado das culturas pioneiras. Os pastos da regio so excelentes. Revista Manchete, 15 de abril de 1972. Segundo o texto, correto afirmar que a Transamaznica, cuja construo se iniciou no regime militar (1964-1985), representou, inclusive,

Questão 86
2016Inglês

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) About half of the worlds population is at risk of contracting dengue, according to the World Health Organization. The mosquito is found in tropical and subtropical climates around the world; however, dengue does not naturally occur in these creatures: the mosquitoes get dengue from us. The mechanism of dengue infection is simple. Female mosquitoes bite humans because they need the protein found in our blood to produce eggs. (Male mosquitoes do not bite.) If the mosquito bites someone with dengue and then, after the viruss roughly eight to 12day replication period, bites someone else it passes dengue into its next victims bloodstream. There is no vaccine against dengue, but infecting mosquitoes with a natural bacterium called Wolbachia blocks the insects ability to pass the disease to humans. The microbe spreads among both male and female mosquitoes: infected females lay eggs that harbor the bacterium, and when Wolbachiafree females mate with infected males, their eggs simply do not hatch. Researchers are now releasing Wolbachiainfected females into the wild in Australia, Vietnam, Indonesia and Brazil. Scientific American, June 2015. Adaptado De acordo com o texto, a infeco por dengue

Questão 87
2016Inglês

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) About half of the worlds population is at risk of contracting dengue, according to the World Health Organization. The mosquito is found in tropical and subtropical climates around the world; however, dengue does not naturally occur in these creatures: the mosquitoes get dengue from us. The mechanism of dengue infection is simple. Female mosquitoes bite humans because they need the protein found in our blood to produce eggs. (Male mosquitoes do not bite.) If the mosquito bites someone with dengue and then, after the viruss roughly eight to 12day replication period, bites someone else it passes dengue into its next victims bloodstream. There is no vaccine against dengue, but infecting mosquitoes with a natural bacterium called Wolbachia blocks the insects ability to pass the disease to humans. The microbe spreads among both male and female mosquitoes: infected females lay eggs that harbor the bacterium, and when Wolbachiafree females mate with infected males, their eggs simply do not hatch. Researchers are now releasing Wolbachiainfected females into the wild in Australia, Vietnam, Indonesia and Brazil. Scientific American, June 2015. Adaptado Segundo o texto, a bactria Wolbachia, se inoculada nos mosquitos, bloqueia a transmisso da dengue porque

Questão 88
2016Inglês

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) Working for ondemand startups like Uber and TaskRabbit is supposed to offer flexible hours and higher wages, but many workers have found the pay lower and the hours less flexible than they expected. Even more surprising: 8 percent of those chauffeuring passengers and 16 percent of those making deliveries said they lack personal auto insurance. Those are among the findings from a survey about the work life of independent contractors for ondemand startups, a booming sector of the tech industry, being released Wednesday. We want to shed light on the industry as a whole, said Isaac Madan, a Stanford masters candidate in bioinformatics who worked with two other Stanford students and a recent alumnus on the survey of 1,330 workers. People need to understand how this space will change and evolve and help the economy. On-demand, often called the sharing economy, refers to companies that let users summon workers via smartphone apps to handle all manner of services: rides, cleaning, chores, deliveries, car parking, waiting in lines. Almost uniformly, those workers are independent contractors rather than salaried employees. That status is the main point of contention in a recent rash of lawsuits in which workers are filing for employee status. While the survey did not directly ask contractors if they would prefer to be employees, it found that their top workplace desires were to have paid health insurance, retirement benefits and paid time off for holidays, vacation and sick days all perks of fulltime workers. Respondents also expressed interest in having more chances for advancement, education sponsorship, disability insurance and humanrelations support. Because respondents were recruited rather than randomly selected, the survey does not claim to be representational but a conclusion one may come to is that flexibility of new jobs comes with a cost. Not all workers are prepared for that! SFChronicle.com and SFGate.com, May 20, 2015. Adaptado. Segundo o texto, empresas do tipo on-demand

Questão 89
2016Inglês

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) Working for ondemand startups like Uber and TaskRabbit is supposed to offer flexible hours and higher wages, but many workers have found the pay lower and the hours less flexible than they expected. Even more surprising: 8 percent of those chauffeuring passengers and 16 percent of those making deliveries said they lack personal auto insurance. Those are among the findings from a survey about the work life of independent contractors for ondemand startups, a booming sector of the tech industry, being released Wednesday. We want to shed light on the industry as a whole, said Isaac Madan, a Stanford masters candidate in bioinformatics who worked with two other Stanford students and a recent alumnus on the survey of 1,330 workers. People need to understand how this space will change and evolve and help the economy. On-demand, often called the sharing economy, refers to companies that let users summon workers via smartphone apps to handle all manner of services: rides, cleaning, chores, deliveries, car parking, waiting in lines. Almost uniformly, those workers are independent contractors rather than salaried employees. That status is the main point of contention in a recent rash of lawsuits in which workers are filing for employee status. While the survey did not directly ask contractors if they would prefer to be employees, it found that their top workplace desires were to have paid health insurance, retirement benefits and paid time off for holidays, vacation and sick days all perks of fulltime workers. Respondents also expressed interest in having more chances for advancement, education sponsorship, disability insurance and humanrelations support. Because respondents were recruited rather than randomly selected, the survey does not claim to be representational but a conclusion one may come to is that flexibility of new jobs comes with a cost. Not all workers are prepared for that! SFChronicle.com and SFGate.com, May 20, 2015. Adaptado. Um dos resultados da pesquisa realizada com prestadores de servios de empresas do tipo on-demand mostra que esses trabalhadores

Questão 90
2016Inglês

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) Working for ondemand startups like Uber and TaskRabbit is supposed to offer flexible hours and higher wages, but many workers have found the pay lower and the hours less flexible than they expected. Even more surprising: 8 percent of those chauffeuring passengers and 16 percent of those making deliveries said they lack personal auto insurance. Those are among the findings from a survey about the work life of independent contractors for ondemand startups, a booming sector of the tech industry, being released Wednesday. We want to shed light on the industry as a whole, said Isaac Madan, a Stanford masters candidate in bioinformatics who worked with two other Stanford students and a recent alumnus on the survey of 1,330 workers. People need to understand how this space will change and evolve and help the economy. On-demand, often called the sharing economy, refers to companies that let users summon workers via smartphone apps to handle all manner of services: rides, cleaning, chores, deliveries, car parking, waiting in lines. Almost uniformly, those workers are independent contractors rather than salaried employees. That status is the main point of contention in a recent rash of lawsuits in which workers are filing for employee status. While the survey did not directly ask contractors if they would prefer to be employees, it found that their top workplace desires were to have paid health insurance, retirement benefits and paid time off for holidays, vacation and sick days all perks of fulltime workers. Respondents also expressed interest in having more chances for advancement, education sponsorship, disability insurance and humanrelations support. Because respondents were recruited rather than randomly selected, the survey does not claim to be representational but a conclusion one may come to is that flexibility of new jobs comes with a cost. Not all workers are prepared for that! SFChronicle.com and SFGate.com, May 20, 2015. Adaptado. Outro resultado da mesma pesquisa indica que

Questão
2016FísicaQuímica

(FUVEST 2016 - 2 FASE) O Canal do Panam liga os oceanos Atlntico e Pacfico. Sua travessia feita por navios de carga genericamente chamados de Panamax, cujas dimenses devem seguir determinados parmetros, para no causar danos ao Canal ou prpria embarcao. Considere um Panamax em forma de um paraleleppedo retoretngulo, com 200 m de comprimento e 30 m de largura. Quando esse navio, carregado, ainda est no mar do Caribe, no Oceano Atlntico, seu calado, que a distncia entre a superfcie da gua e o fundo do casco, de 10 m. O calado varia conforme a densidade da gua na qual o navio est navegando, e essa densidade, por sua vez, depende da concentrao de cloreto de sdio na gua. O grfico acima apresenta a variao da densidade da gua do mar, a 25 o C, em funo da concentrao de NaCl, em mol/L. a) Calcule a massa de gua deslocada por esse navio, quando ainda est no mar do Caribe, sabendo que a concentrao de cloreto de sdio nesse mar 35 g/L. A concentrao salina no interior do Canal menor do que no mar do Caribe, pois o Canal alimentado por um grande lago de gua doce. b) Considerando que a densidade da gua no interior do Canal 1,0 g/mL e que o calado mximo permitido no interior do Canal de 12 m, o Panamax citado poder cruzar o Canal em segurana? Explique, mostrando os clculos.

Questão
2016Química

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE)Sabe-se que os metais ferro (Fe0), magnsio (Mg0) e estanho (Sn0)reagem com solues de cidos minerais, liberando gs hidrognio e formando ons divalentesem soluo. Foram feitos trs experimentos em que trs amostras metlicas de mesma massa reagiram,separada e completamente, com uma soluo aquosa de cido clordrico (HCℓ(aq)) deconcentrao 0,1 mol/L. Os resultados obtidos foram: Colocando-se os valores de V1, V2 e V3 em ordem decrescente, obtm-se Note e adote: Massa molar (g/ mol) : Mg ....... 24 Fe ....... 56 Sn ...... 119

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