Gabarito FUVEST - Provas Anteriores

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Questão 85
2016História

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) Paralelamente abertura da Transamaznica processa-se o trabalho da colonizao, realizado pelo INCRA (Instituto Nacional de Colonizao e Reforma Agrria). As pequenas agrovilas se sucedem de vinte em vinte quilmetros margem da estrada, e nos cem hectares que cada colono recebeu so plantados milho, feijo e arroz. J no prximo ms comear a plantao de cana-de-acar, cujas primeiras mudas, vindas dos canaviais de Sertozinho, em So Paulo, acabaram de ser distribudas. Jovens agrnomos, recm-sados da universidade, orientam os colonos... No meio da selva comeam a surgir as agrovilas. Vindos de diferentes regies do pas, os colonos povoam as margens da Transamaznica e espalham pelo cho virgem o verde disciplinado das culturas pioneiras. Os pastos da regio so excelentes. Revista Manchete, 15 de abril de 1972. Segundo o texto, correto afirmar que a Transamaznica, cuja construo se iniciou no regime militar (1964-1985), representou, inclusive,

Questão 86
2016Inglês

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) About half of the worlds population is at risk of contracting dengue, according to the World Health Organization. The mosquito is found in tropical and subtropical climates around the world; however, dengue does not naturally occur in these creatures: the mosquitoes get dengue from us. The mechanism of dengue infection is simple. Female mosquitoes bite humans because they need the protein found in our blood to produce eggs. (Male mosquitoes do not bite.) If the mosquito bites someone with dengue and then, after the viruss roughly eight to 12day replication period, bites someone else it passes dengue into its next victims bloodstream. There is no vaccine against dengue, but infecting mosquitoes with a natural bacterium called Wolbachia blocks the insects ability to pass the disease to humans. The microbe spreads among both male and female mosquitoes: infected females lay eggs that harbor the bacterium, and when Wolbachiafree females mate with infected males, their eggs simply do not hatch. Researchers are now releasing Wolbachiainfected females into the wild in Australia, Vietnam, Indonesia and Brazil. Scientific American, June 2015. Adaptado De acordo com o texto, a infeco por dengue

Questão 87
2016Inglês

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) About half of the worlds population is at risk of contracting dengue, according to the World Health Organization. The mosquito is found in tropical and subtropical climates around the world; however, dengue does not naturally occur in these creatures: the mosquitoes get dengue from us. The mechanism of dengue infection is simple. Female mosquitoes bite humans because they need the protein found in our blood to produce eggs. (Male mosquitoes do not bite.) If the mosquito bites someone with dengue and then, after the viruss roughly eight to 12day replication period, bites someone else it passes dengue into its next victims bloodstream. There is no vaccine against dengue, but infecting mosquitoes with a natural bacterium called Wolbachia blocks the insects ability to pass the disease to humans. The microbe spreads among both male and female mosquitoes: infected females lay eggs that harbor the bacterium, and when Wolbachiafree females mate with infected males, their eggs simply do not hatch. Researchers are now releasing Wolbachiainfected females into the wild in Australia, Vietnam, Indonesia and Brazil. Scientific American, June 2015. Adaptado Segundo o texto, a bactria Wolbachia, se inoculada nos mosquitos, bloqueia a transmisso da dengue porque

Questão 88
2016Inglês

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) Working for ondemand startups like Uber and TaskRabbit is supposed to offer flexible hours and higher wages, but many workers have found the pay lower and the hours less flexible than they expected. Even more surprising: 8 percent of those chauffeuring passengers and 16 percent of those making deliveries said they lack personal auto insurance. Those are among the findings from a survey about the work life of independent contractors for ondemand startups, a booming sector of the tech industry, being released Wednesday. We want to shed light on the industry as a whole, said Isaac Madan, a Stanford masters candidate in bioinformatics who worked with two other Stanford students and a recent alumnus on the survey of 1,330 workers. People need to understand how this space will change and evolve and help the economy. On-demand, often called the sharing economy, refers to companies that let users summon workers via smartphone apps to handle all manner of services: rides, cleaning, chores, deliveries, car parking, waiting in lines. Almost uniformly, those workers are independent contractors rather than salaried employees. That status is the main point of contention in a recent rash of lawsuits in which workers are filing for employee status. While the survey did not directly ask contractors if they would prefer to be employees, it found that their top workplace desires were to have paid health insurance, retirement benefits and paid time off for holidays, vacation and sick days all perks of fulltime workers. Respondents also expressed interest in having more chances for advancement, education sponsorship, disability insurance and humanrelations support. Because respondents were recruited rather than randomly selected, the survey does not claim to be representational but a conclusion one may come to is that flexibility of new jobs comes with a cost. Not all workers are prepared for that! SFChronicle.com and SFGate.com, May 20, 2015. Adaptado. Segundo o texto, empresas do tipo on-demand

Questão 89
2016Inglês

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) Working for ondemand startups like Uber and TaskRabbit is supposed to offer flexible hours and higher wages, but many workers have found the pay lower and the hours less flexible than they expected. Even more surprising: 8 percent of those chauffeuring passengers and 16 percent of those making deliveries said they lack personal auto insurance. Those are among the findings from a survey about the work life of independent contractors for ondemand startups, a booming sector of the tech industry, being released Wednesday. We want to shed light on the industry as a whole, said Isaac Madan, a Stanford masters candidate in bioinformatics who worked with two other Stanford students and a recent alumnus on the survey of 1,330 workers. People need to understand how this space will change and evolve and help the economy. On-demand, often called the sharing economy, refers to companies that let users summon workers via smartphone apps to handle all manner of services: rides, cleaning, chores, deliveries, car parking, waiting in lines. Almost uniformly, those workers are independent contractors rather than salaried employees. That status is the main point of contention in a recent rash of lawsuits in which workers are filing for employee status. While the survey did not directly ask contractors if they would prefer to be employees, it found that their top workplace desires were to have paid health insurance, retirement benefits and paid time off for holidays, vacation and sick days all perks of fulltime workers. Respondents also expressed interest in having more chances for advancement, education sponsorship, disability insurance and humanrelations support. Because respondents were recruited rather than randomly selected, the survey does not claim to be representational but a conclusion one may come to is that flexibility of new jobs comes with a cost. Not all workers are prepared for that! SFChronicle.com and SFGate.com, May 20, 2015. Adaptado. Um dos resultados da pesquisa realizada com prestadores de servios de empresas do tipo on-demand mostra que esses trabalhadores

Questão 90
2016Inglês

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) Working for ondemand startups like Uber and TaskRabbit is supposed to offer flexible hours and higher wages, but many workers have found the pay lower and the hours less flexible than they expected. Even more surprising: 8 percent of those chauffeuring passengers and 16 percent of those making deliveries said they lack personal auto insurance. Those are among the findings from a survey about the work life of independent contractors for ondemand startups, a booming sector of the tech industry, being released Wednesday. We want to shed light on the industry as a whole, said Isaac Madan, a Stanford masters candidate in bioinformatics who worked with two other Stanford students and a recent alumnus on the survey of 1,330 workers. People need to understand how this space will change and evolve and help the economy. On-demand, often called the sharing economy, refers to companies that let users summon workers via smartphone apps to handle all manner of services: rides, cleaning, chores, deliveries, car parking, waiting in lines. Almost uniformly, those workers are independent contractors rather than salaried employees. That status is the main point of contention in a recent rash of lawsuits in which workers are filing for employee status. While the survey did not directly ask contractors if they would prefer to be employees, it found that their top workplace desires were to have paid health insurance, retirement benefits and paid time off for holidays, vacation and sick days all perks of fulltime workers. Respondents also expressed interest in having more chances for advancement, education sponsorship, disability insurance and humanrelations support. Because respondents were recruited rather than randomly selected, the survey does not claim to be representational but a conclusion one may come to is that flexibility of new jobs comes with a cost. Not all workers are prepared for that! SFChronicle.com and SFGate.com, May 20, 2015. Adaptado. Outro resultado da mesma pesquisa indica que

Questão
2016Química

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) Um aldedo pode ser transformado em um aminocido pela sequncia de reaes: O aminocido N-metil-fenilalanina pode ser obtido pela mesma sequncia reacional, empregando-se, em lugar do cloreto de amnio (NH4Cl), o reagente CH3NH3Cl. Nessa transformao, o aldedo que deve ser empregado

Questão
2016Física

(FUVEST 2016 - 1 FASE) A escolha do local para instalao de parques elicos depende, dentre outros fatores, da velocidade mdia dos ventos que sopram na regio. Examine este mapa das diferentes velocidades mdias de ventos no Brasil e, em seguida, o grfico da potncia fornecida por um aerogerador em funo da velocidade do vento. BRASIL - VELOCIDADE MDIA DOS VENTOS De acordo com as informaes fornecidas, esse aerogerador poderia produzir, em um ano, 8,8 GWh de energia, se fosse instalado no -------------------------

Questão
2016Química

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE)Sabe-se que os metais ferro (Fe0), magnsio (Mg0) e estanho (Sn0)reagem com solues de cidos minerais, liberando gs hidrognio e formando ons divalentesem soluo. Foram feitos trs experimentos em que trs amostras metlicas de mesma massa reagiram,separada e completamente, com uma soluo aquosa de cido clordrico (HCℓ(aq)) deconcentrao 0,1 mol/L. Os resultados obtidos foram: Colocando-se os valores de V1, V2 e V3 em ordem decrescente, obtm-se Note e adote: Massa molar (g/ mol) : Mg ....... 24 Fe ....... 56 Sn ...... 119

Questão
2016BiologiaFísica

(FUVEST 2016 - 2 FASE) Em clulas humanas, a concentrao de ons positivos de sdio (Na+) menor no meio intracelular do que no meio extracelular, ocorrendo o inverso com a concentrao de ons positivos de potssio (K+). Molculas de protena existentes fna membrana celular promovem o transporte ativo de ons de sdio para o exterior e de ons de potssio para o interior da clula. Esse mecanismo denominado bomba de sdio-potssio. Uma molcula de protena remove da clula trs ons de Na+para cada dois de K+que ela transporta para o seu interior. Esse transporte ativo contrabalana processos passivos, como a difuso, e mantm as concentraes intracelulares de Na+e de K+em nveis adequados. Com base nessas informaes, determine a) a razo R entre as correntes eltricas formadas pelos ons de sdio e de potssio que atravessam a membrana da clula, devido bomba de sdio-potssio; b) a ordem de grandeza do mdulo do campo eltricodentro da membrana da clula quando a diferena de potencial entre suas faces externa e interna 70 mVe sua espessura 7 nm; c) a corrente eltrica totalatravs da membrana de um neurnio do crebro humano, devido bomba de sdio-potssio.

Questão
2016Física

(FUVEST 2016 - 1 FASE) Uma garrafa tem um cilindro afixado em sua boca, no qual um mbolo pode se movimentar sem atrito, mantendo constante a massa de ar dentro da garrafa, como ilustra a figura. Inicialmente, o sistema est em equilbrio temperatura de 27 C. O volume de ar na garrafa igual a 600cm e o mbolo tem uma rea transversal igual a 3 cm. Na condio de equilbrio, com a presso atmosfrica constante, para cada 1 C de aumento da temperatura do sistema, o mbolo subir aproximadamente -----------------------------

Questão
2016Física

(FUVEST 2016 - 1 FASE)A Estao Espacial Internacional orbita a Terra em uma altitude h. A acelerao da gravidade terrestre dentro dessa espaonave ----------------------

Questão
2016Biologia

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) A pele humana atua na manuteno da temperatura corporal. Analise as afirmaes abaixo: I. Em dias frios, vasos sanguneos na pele se contraem, o que diminui a perda de calor, mantendo o corpo aquecido. II. Em dias quentes, vasos sanguneos na pele se dilatam, o que diminui a irradiao de calor para o meio, esfriando o corpo. III. Em dias quentes, o suor produzido pelas glndulas sudorparas, ao evaporar, absorve calor da superfcie do corpo, resfriando-o. Est correto apenas o que se afirma em

Questão
2016Biologia

(FUVEST - 2016 - 1 FASE) No heredograma abaixo, a menina II-1 tem uma doena determinada pela homozigose quanto a um alelo mutante de gene localizado num autossomo. A probabilidade de que seu irmo II-2, clinicamente normal, possua esse alelo mutante

Questão
2016Geografia

(FUVEST 2016 - 2fase) Se no conseguirmos uma distribuio justa dos refugiados, muitos vo questionar Schengen e isso algo que no queremos. [Declarao da chanceler alem, Angela Merkel.] O Estado de S. Paulo, 01/09/2015. A Europa vive uma das mais graves crises migratrias de sua histria recente. Segundo a Agncia das Naes Unidas para Refugiados (Acnur), so esperados ao menos 1,4 milho de refugiados entre 2015 e 2016. O Estado de S. Paulo, 19/10/2015. Considerando o contexto da Unio Europeia (UE), as informaes acima e as respectivas datas de publicao, responda: a) O que o Espao Schengen? b) O que a Zona do Euro? Cite um pas da UE que no faz parte dessa Zona. c) Explique qual foi o posicionamento da UE e o papel da Alemanha frente intensificao desse fluxo migratrio.

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